Print Advertisement Twitter “Figures show that efforts made in recent years to reduce class numbers in busy city schools, have been completely reversed”LIMERICK primary school classes are bursting at the seams, with class numbers way in excess of the average for schools in other parts of the country. Sign up for the weekly Limerick Post newsletter Sign Up Shocking new figures show that 28.4 per cent of all Limerick primary school children are being taught in overcrowded classes of more than 30 pupils.That’s 8.4% above the national average, which currently stands at one in five pupils in classes larger than 30 children.The new figures show that efforts which had been made in recent years to bring class numbers down, particularly in busy Limerick city schools, have now been completely reversed.Limerick INTO representative and school principal, Joe Lyons, said that the shameful figures are the inevitable result of education policies.“We have the second highest class sizes in Europe. “When Mary Hannafin was Minister, she promised that in five years, every child would be taught in a class of 20 or less pupils. That seems to have been just forgotten. The pupil-teacher ration was raised and now, there seems to be every likelihood that it will be raised again this year”. he told the Limerick Post.The INTO is calling on the Government to tackle the situation as a matter of urgency as the increases in overcrowding shows that young children are “paying the price of economic mismanagement.” Mr Lyons also referred to further problems for hard-pressed teaching staff and their pupils, including the policy of deciding on teacher numbers for a new academic year, based on enrolment numbers from the previous September. He said that with birth-rates rising and thousands more children coming into the system each new year, this distorts the situation on the ground.“In addition, we have children coming in whose first language is not English and English language teachers’ posts are being withdrawn, visiting teachers for Travellers children are being withdrawn”.The INTO representative was speaking as the union organised an information meeting for teaching graduates earlier this week. “The tragedy is that we have highly qualified talented graduates ready to take up posts. You need 465 points to get into teaching in Mary I – that’s people in the top 10% of Leaving Cert results. “I was at a conference last week and a principal of a county Limerick school told me of one advertised permanent post that attracted 1,023 applications. We have highly capable, talented educators who are headed for the boat and emigration”. Facebook NewsLocal NewsOvercrowded primary schools above average in LimerickBy admin – September 20, 2011 642 Previous articleFormer self-employed forced to turn to charityNext articleProperty crime on the up admin Linkedin WhatsApp Email
Women who want to increase their chances of giving birth to a girl should live closer to the equator, says a University of Georgia researcher, whose recent study sheds light on how temperature and day length can influence human reproduction. Most animal sex ratios are 50:50. But that ratio can be changed by environmental factors like temperature or even by seasonal shifts, said Kristen Navara, a reproductive endocrinologist with the UGA College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences. Her recent research with certain hamsters and mice shows that more males are born in winter when days are shorter, and that more females are born if day length is longer. Sparked by curiosity and these findings, she wanted to see if the same held true for humans. She dug through the CIA’s The World Factbook and other government publications to gather data on every nation with a decade of uninterrupted statistics. She gathered statistics on 202 nations. Navara then analyzed the figures based on latitude, average temperature, day length and socioeconomic status. What her first-ever global analysis on birth sex ratio shows is that people living in areas with longer, darker winters – such as in temperate and subarctic climates – have more baby boys, accounting for 51.3 percent of births. In the tropics, 51.1 percent of births are boys. Her findings were reported in the April 1 issue of Biology Letters. “I don’t know which cue is affecting the rates,” Navara said. “I suspect it is day length and probably melatonin.” Melatonin is a hormone that regulates the sleep-wake cycle and the production of female reproductive hormones, Navara said. Its release varies in response to day length and season. People living in temperate climates get fewer than eight hours of light in winter. Because of this, their bodies produce more melatonin than those living in the tropics, which has more daylight hours. “What we might be seeing is that humans respond to a cue they were initially programmed to respond to,” she said. “Sex ratios are not necessarily tied to socioeconomic status or natural disasters, as those are always changing. There are all kinds of factors that affect the sex of a baby, but latitude does not change throughout evolutionary time.” On average worldwide, 105 boys are born for every 100 girls. Studies show that ratio can deviate based on a large number of social, economical and physiological variables. At times of extreme environmental stress, like war for example, the birth rate of girls exceeds that of boys. The increased percentage of girl babies in the tropics may seem small. But it can translate into a lot of babies. In Central African Republic, for example, 51 percent of babies born are girls, the only country in the world to produce more girls than boys. In 2006, this translated into 1,400 fewer boys than if the ratio was 50:50. Other tropical countries with lower male birth rates included Grenada with 50.2 percent, Mauritius with 50.3 percent and the Bahamas with 50.5 percent. “Of the 20 countries with the lowest ratios, 18 were at tropical latitudes,” Navara said. “We found that the difference was independent of other cultural variables, including socioeconomic status. It was an over-arching pattern and this effect remained despite enormous cultural variations between the countries we looked at.” The biological trend works independently of cultural factors. In some societies in Asia and Africa, for instance, baby boys are favored over girls and the rise in selective abortions and infanticide has skewed the overall sex ratio in favor of males. “I eliminated all Asian and African countries during a second round of analyses to get rid of any confound associated with sex-specific abortion,” she said. “The trend of women giving birth to girls the nearer they are to the equator was still significant.” Navara is currently studying the cues that affect the sex ratios in poultry.
Financial markets are failing to take realistic account of the future effects of this summer’s referendum vote in the UK to leave the European Union, and, as a result, there are now dangers lurking in the background for investors, conference participants in Berlin heard today.Amin Rajan, chief executive at CREATE-Research, told the 2016 IPE Conference and Awards: “Markets are not pricing in the second, the third, the fourth-round effects of the Brexit vote, and, as a result, there are dangers lurking in the background on a slow fuse.”He cited a 2016 pan-European survey taking in the responses of 167 pension funds, by his firm and Amundi Asset Management. “The first danger is really about the Brexit vote and also about the vote in the presidential election in the United States,” he said. “What we’re really saying is that the rise of nationalism as a result, this is proving to be another headwind for investors in the years to come.”The survey takes a three-year view, and Rajan said it was very difficult to see anything further out than that.“That means Brexit is really a canary in the coal mine, which is presaging the fragmentation of Europe,” he said.The process of Brexit is another risk facing investors that Rajan said would be as provocative and as dangerous as the actual outcome of the divorce, as it was as yet unknown what the process was likely to be.“This could be a long, protracted divorce, and we don’t know how it will end, and when it will end,” Rajan said.“[US president-elect] Donald Trump has promised to tear up every major security and trade deal America has signed since World War II – it’s a frightening prospect.”Rajan said a question being asked now was whether Trump would honour what he promised on the campaign trail, or sober down and behave in a more responsible way.“At this point in time, it’s very difficult to know,” he said.Rajan noted that financial markets, which had dipped every time Hillary Clinton’s ranking fell in opinion polls during the run-up to the election, surged two weeks after the election, apparently giving Trump a “standing ovation”.“Markets seem to believe in everything, and, in my view, they are not really thinking properly,” he said.Populism has added yet another layer of uncertainty for pension investors, he said.
She’s just built [email protected] AGAIN! pic.twitter.com/dmv0LD183s— U.S. Soccer WNT (@USWNT) April 8, 2019Lindsey Horan scored the US’s third goal of the night, another header, and Sam Mewis used her head on another set piece to push the lead to 4-0. The USWNT entered halftime with a cushioned lead over Belgium, but the scoring didn’t stop there. Alex Morgan joined the fun on her 101st international goal with an assist from Lloyd.Workin’ on her next [email protected] gets No. 1️⃣0️⃣1️⃣! pic.twitter.com/Jm8DLOPcaQ— U.S. Soccer WNT (@USWNT) April 8, 2019Jessica McDonald capped off the scoring on a headed effort in stoppage time. There wasn’t just one header in the United States women’s national team’s 6-0 victory over Belgium on Sunday. There were five.It’s one of the USWNT’s last friendlies before the World Cup begins in June and if this game, and its last, were any indication of just how well the team will do on the biggest international stage, the US could successfully defend its title. The scoring started early after veteran Carli Lloyd struck twice within the first 20 minutes of the match. It was her first goal of the year and got the USWNT off to a head start. She lives for the big [email protected] with her first of 2019! pic.twitter.com/4je2sf6bGJ— U.S. Soccer WNT (@USWNT) April 8, 2019Lloyd then put the team up 2-0 just six minutes later after Crystal Dunn beat a defender to set up a cross for Lloyd to nod in. Related News LUNA Bar will pay difference in US men’s, women’s World Cup bonuses Mia Hamm expects the ‘most challenging World Cup ever’ this summer The win came after a tough 5-3 victory over Australia on Thursday and the US breezed to it with an experimental lineup, which featured many players that will likely serve as back-ups this summer in France.The USWNT will have just three more friendlies, but these last games will hopefully build confidence rather than truly test the squad. The team’s last three opponents — South Africa, New Zealand and Mexico — are ranked No. 19 or worse.