In Brazil the class struggle grows sharper day by day. The national election for president and for the entire National Congress, with its first round scheduled for Oct. 7, reflects this class struggle.For the moment, most attention is focused on the election, which may find the Workers Party (PT) candidate facing off against an ultra-right candidate in the second round on Oct. 28.Behind it, all Brazil’s super-rich ruling class has over the past few years opened an austerity offensive against all of Brazil’s working people. They have especially attacked African-descendent people — who are half the population — and the remaining Indigenous peoples. They have also attacked women’s rights on the job and elsewhere and increased persecution of LGBTQ people.On the political scene, this ruling-class offensive led to a parliamentary coup against the elected PT President Dilma Rousseff in August 2016 — impeaching her — and to jailing former PT President Luis Ignacio “Lula” da Silva five months ago. Lula had planned to run for president and was leading in the polls by about double that of any other candidate; thus he was jailed to stop him from winning.Despite his being in jail and the many slanders against him and the Workers Party, Lula is by far the most popular of any single political figure in Brazil.The PT candidate who replaced Lula is Fernando Haddad, a former mayor of Sao Paulo, Brazil’s biggest city. Haddad’s weakness as a candidate is that he has little name recognition countrywide. Many people are even unaware that he is the candidate whom Lula favors. There are only three weeks left to inform 150 million voters.Running for vice president with Haddad is the candidate of the Communist Party of Brazil (PCdoB), Manuela D’Ávila, a former youth leader. The PT, the PCdoB and the small Party of Social Order make up “The People Happy Again” coalition on the ballot.Main opponent is ultra-rightistLeading the polls with about 24-26 percent is ultra-rightist Jair Bolsonaro, a former captain in the Brazilian army. Openly and viciously misogynist, anti-Black, anti-Indigenous and anti-LGBTQ, he calls for even more police murders of Brazil’s poor and Black population.Bolsonaro was stabbed while campaigning on Sept. 6 and apparently barely escaped with his life. He is still denouncing the PT from his hospital bed and accusing them of planning “electoral fraud,” with no evidence, of course.Bolsonaro was not considered a viable candidate before the assassination attempt. Many voters say they will reject him in the second round. But because the usual center-right and right-wing candidates, like Geraldo Alckmin and Marina Silva, are compromised by corruption charges, there is more of a possibility that an ultra-right extremist like Bolsonaro could win the vote.There is another center-left candidate, Ciro Gomes. Many expect that either Gomes or Haddad will face Bolsonaro in the run-off.This is assuming that the political struggle is confined to the electoral arena. Social organizations like the Landless Movement have taken the position of supporting Haddad and protesting Lula’s incarceration. Even those who might have been disillusioned by the PT’s willingness to make concessions to the ruling class during its time in office now see the election of the PT as a way of at least slowing down the offensive.Behind it all is the growing inequality in the Brazilian population. As an example, the six richest people in Brazil own as much wealth as the poor half of the Brazilian population of 207 million.U.S. imperialism has been lined up with those in Brazil who wanted to remove the PT from office and keep them out. Washington prefers a government, like the present one, hostile to Venezuela, Cuba and Bolivia, in a country so large and powerful as Brazil.FacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmailPrintMoreShare thisFacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmailPrintMoreShare this
BiH athlete Hamza Alić won the third place in shot put at the 18th International Athletic Meeting in Velenje, reports sportsport.baThirty-four year old member of the Athletic club Zenica, earlier this year was the best shot putter of Europe with the result 19.90 metres.At the meeting in Velenje, more than 200 athletes from 24 countries participated.
BREAKING NEWS: Moville born priest Fr Eugene Boland has been found not guilty of indecently assalting a young girl.He was accused of five counts of indecent assault on a girl aged 14.Fr Boland was based in Galliagh in Derry at the time of the alleged attacks in 1990 and 1992 at the Parochial House. The jury found him not guilty by a majority verdict on all counts in the last few minutes.Fr Boland’s supporters were delighted at the outcome of the case and hugged eachother.The Donegal priest, who is now based in Omagh, did not speak directly to the media after the verdict was passed.However, a statement was read out on Fr Boland’s behalf.It said it had devastated his life and that his reputation had been destroyed by the allegations.He also thanked his family and friends and other priests who supported him during the trial.He said he had been a priest for 42 years and looked forward to returning to his ministry as soon as possible.DONEGAL PRIEST FOUND NOT GUILTY ON ALL SEX ASSAULT CHARGES was last modified: June 27th, 2012 by StephenShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:Fr Eugene Boland
Beat writers Dieter Kurtenbach and Mark Medina break down what Game 1 of the NBA Finals holds in store for the Golden State Warriors and Toronto Raptors.1:00: What’s the latest on Kevin Durant and DeMarcus Cousins?3:00: How will DeMarcus Cousins fare in his return?5:00: Can Warriors win without Durant? 8:00: Can Steph Curry win Finals MVP?10:00: How do the Warriors slow down Kawhi Leonard?16:00: How do the Warriors handle their center spot?22:00: We share our Finals …
OAKLAND – At this point, the Warriors can barely think.Warriors coach Steve Kerr has struggled processing that their failed championship run coincided with losing Kevin Durant and Klay Thompson to debilitating injuries. Warriors general manager Bob Myers struggled to comprehend that the NBA Draft starts on Thursday, exactly a week after the Warriors lost to the Toronto Raptors in Game 6 of the NBA Finals in their final game at Oracle Arena.So, Kerr and Myers could use this weekend to …
Business administration students from the US’s Rutgers University joined Brand South Africa at Constitution Hill this week to discuss South Africa’s standing from a global perspective. The visiting students also got to peer into South Africa’s past during a tour of the Hill.During a tour on their visit to Constitution Hill on 16 March 2017, students from Rutgers University, in New Jersey US, took a look into the lives of some of the leaders and political figures who helped shape South Africa. (Image: Mathiba Molefe)Mathiba MolefeNot everything you hear about other countries holds true. Once you visit a country and have a closer look at what makes it tick, you get a better understanding of its people, its heritage and its customs.This was the sentiment shared by a group of business administration students visiting South Africa from Rutgers University in New Jersey, United States.The students Joined Brand South Africa at Constitution Hill, one of South Africa’s most prominent heritages sites, for an engaging discussion about the country’s brand and its standing in the eyes of the students.Talks touched on a range of factors that influenced the country’s brand, such as tourism, investment, immigration, governance and exports, as well as delved into the rich culture and heritage of South Africa.“Whose perceptions are we trying to influence?” asked Tshepiso Malele, the marketing manager at Brand South Africa.“The answer is, anybody whose decisions or actions have an impact on us as a country. In everything that we do we need to make sure that we influence and shape their perceptions positively and help them develop balanced views about South Africa.”It was also an opportunity for the visitors to engage with Brand South Africa representatives, such as strategic government relationship manager Toni Gumede, and learn more about the great strides the country is taking.“In terms of our efforts to influence perceptions, when we say good things about the country they are not lies,” Gumede explained. “We’re saying these good things because they are real.”Students from Rutgers University in the USA joined Brand South Africa at Constitution Hill, one of South Africa’s most prominent heritages sites, for an engaging discussion about the country’s brand and its standing in the eyes of the students. (Image: Mathiba Molefe)Thoughts from our visitors“I believe that the people on your Brand SA team really have a lot of love for their country,” said Edbia Diggs, one of the Rutgers University students.“I like that there are people who are actually working together to make sure that South Africa is seen in a different light because there are a lot of misconceptions out there, particularly in the States and other African countries too.”Philip Ward, another of the Rutgers students, said it amazed him that South Africa was so misinterpreted in terms of its story and what went into shaping it.“It’s a completely unique entity and it has so much to offer, and in terms of history when you look at why things are the way are,” Ward said.“South Africa can be looked at as an independent cornerstone of the continent to be able to show other countries on the continent how to do business.“We’ve learned a lot about how South Africa still wants to influence the rest of the continent in trying to drive development.”Through the discussions, the visiting students got a better understanding of the country as a whole, completing the picture they would carry home.“We want our visitors to go back home and act as ambassadors for our nation brand,” Gumede said.“We want them to take home the experiences they had here in South Africa and help change perceptions of our country for the better.”Would you like to use this article in your publication or on your website? See Using Brand South Africa material.
RELATED ARTICLES Roof/Wall Connections CONSTRUCTION DETAILS Prevent Ice Dams With Air Sealing and InsulationIce Dam BasicsVIDEO: How Ice Dams Form and How to Stop ThemMartin’s Ten Rules of Roof DesignRoofs: Attics, Structure, Claddings Don’t use standing-seam on low-slope roofsNo standing-seam roof will prove truly waterproof, writes GBA reader Hobbit. When enough depth, water will go sideways and find its way into the inevitable gaps between panels.“This is why they’re not recommended for low pitch,” he says. “My 4 1/2-in-12 shed dormer is probably close to the limit of what [standing seam] can practically handle.”In his case, Hobbit didn’t notice ice dams but he did assume that some of the melting snow and ice found its way past the roofing and made its way down over the peel-and-stick membrane, “hopefully all safely reaching the edge of the decking and dropping off under the drip edge.”No evidence inside of any problems inside, he adds, “other than the rafters bending under load.” Yes, the photos are ‘disturbing’Eric Habegger suspects there are leaks in the standing seams, although he cautions it may be too early to jump to that conclusion. Possible, but not a sure bet.“What jumped out at me though is the icicles in the interior,” he adds. “That would seem to indicate that cold air is bypassing the insulation somewhere. That needs to be investigated. It perhaps is a simple, though not easy to fix, problem of air infiltration past the spray foam insulation where a gap or pulling away has occurred.“That might allow warm moist air from the interior to cool and condense on the metal roof and then drip down,” Habegger continues. “Just a possibility that needs to be investigated before jumping to a conclusion.”Yes, condensation is a possible explanation, says GBA senior editor Martin Holladay. “You need to pay attention to when the leak occurs,” Holladay writes. “If the drips happen on warm days, with ice still on the roof, it’s probably condensation. If the leaks happen when it’s raining, you probably have a leaky roof.”It’s also worth noting that Holladay’s article on ice dam prevention advises, “Although so-called hot roofs (roofs without any ventilation) can work well, ice dams can still form on a hot roof if the snow is deep enough. (Very deep snow acts like insulation. If your roof is covered with two feet of fluffy snow, the bottom of the snowpack is insulated from cold outdoor temperatures. That raises the chance that melting will occur.) So, if your climate is very snowy, you probably want to stick with a cold (ventilated) roof.”Keith Gustafson has a shingled roof with a 3-in-12 pitch and he, too, has seen drips of water behind the soffit when the ice and snow are thick enough on his roof.“Sometimes, things just are,” he says. “The only totally watertight solution would be rubber [roofing]. No sloped roof system is designed to beat ice dams… I would consider several lengths of heat cable to be turned on the three days a year they are required.” What should he do? That’s the topic for this Q&A Spotlight. Is the roofer responsible?Another issue is whether the contractor who installed the roof is in some way responsible for the problems Metzger is now seeing. “He says he’s never heard of this happening before,” Metzger writes.“If a new roof is leaking, the roofer is of course responsible,” Holladay replies.But the roofer is taking no responsibility,” Metzger says, adding, “And as years go by any recourse I have diminishes. Taking him to court is the last thing I feel like doing. Lesson One when hiring a roofing contractor is go with reputation, not with price. The $3,000 I saved on the installation doesn’t seem like much now that I have been having problems.”The mysterious drip he’s now seeing is not the first sign of troubles. Last year, another “banner snowfall winter,” the accumulated weight of snow on the roof pulled a 30-foot long panel down 6 inches, he says, “unbent the crimps and all.”The roofer wasn’t willing to fix that problem, so Metzger had to set up staging and fix it himself.“This winter I was half-way expecting the entire roof to catastrophically slide off the sheathing,” he adds. “I mean, seriously, has anyone tested fastener systems for metal roofs on 1/2-inch Zip OSB sheathing? It can’t be very strong… And 24 inches of accumulated snow is.”Another house Metzger built had asphalt shingles — one-third the price and “headache-free.” Writing from Climate Zone 6, GBA reader David Metzger is looking for some advice about his standing-seam metal roof. More to the point, why is there water dripping from the soffit when the winter’s accumulation of snow and ice starts to melt?The shed roof showing evidence of problems has a pitch of 3 1/4-in-12 and is framed with I-joists. Metzger provides these additional details: “flash-and-batt insulation” consisting of 4 to 6 inches of closed-cell polyurethane spray foam plus unspecified cavity insulation, taped Zip System sheathing, followed by roofing underlayment. The Galvalume metal roofing has single-lock standing seams that are 1 inch high.“Lots of snow build-up over winter,” he writes. “Due to the pitch and the amount of insulation, there are no conditions where snow slides off on its own. Eventually, ice builds up over top of the seam. As weather gets warmer, water is observed dripping out underneath of overhang (soffit) on low part of the roof.“My guess is the entire roof is leaking at the standing seams and water is sheeting down roof plane, over the underlayment.”Metzger asks whether a double-lock seam would fix the problem, but adds that if it doesn’t he’s really stuck because he won’t be able to take the metal sections apart and find another solution.“Having done some research recently I’ve discovered that a 2- to 3-inch tall standing seam with a butyl sealant at every seam would have prevented this from happening,” he adds. “But it’s too late for that. As it is now, if I can probably take apart the roof — one 30-foot section at a time — cover the Zip sheathing with a waterproof underlayment, then re-bend each seam with sealant and a double-lock.” Wait for next year to find outMetzger is certain that the house is tight enough to prevent warm air from trickling up through the roof and condensing on the underside of the Galvalume. But the 3-foot overhang is uninsulated, and it was dripping with water on the first warm day of the year when snow on the roof was melting.“I suppose it’s possible it was massive condensation from the ice on the roof hitting the warm, humid outdoor air in the soffit,” he says. “I would jump for joy if the answer was that simple! Though I might have to wait until next winter to find out. I’ll need to remove a section of the tongue-and-groove soffit so I can witness the phenomenon.”The closed-cell foam sprayed on the inside of the roof sheathing is waterproof, Metzger says, so it could be a long time before evidence of a leak starts to show itself.“I may never know if I had a leak inside until down the road, the OSB would start bulging up my metal roof,” he adds. “A scenario I’d sometimes think about late at night.” Our expert’s opinionHere what GBA technical director Peter Yost had to say:David Metzger has several questions built into his situation and he and I had a pretty extensive email exchange on this building (which by the way, is a beautiful AirBnB).To start, know that his building is pretty darn airtight, even in the cathedral ceiling/unvented roof assembly. Often, the 2×6 tongue-and-groove cathedral ceiling is part of a structural roof deck that spans from interior to exterior at the gable and eave overhangs — and so is often very tough to air seal — but that is not the case with Metger’s building.Where is the water coming from?Given when and under what conditions Metzger’s building has shown water leakage, my best assessment is that his well-insulated and air-sealed unvented roof has about R-24 or more on TOP of his roof cladding when it has 2-plus feet of snow up there for an extended period of time. There is enough heat loss trapped by the snow cover to result in melting over the portion of the roof above conditioned space but then it runs down and hits the 3-foot overhang that is quite cold and an ice dam develops. At a 3.5:12 pitch, the ice dam easily builds up enough water to overwhelm the 1-inch standing seam.What is the minimum roof pitch for standing seam metal?I checked in with my expert roofing contact at our local Jancewicz and Son company. International Building Code states the minimum pitch for metal panels is 2.5:12 unless seams are soldered. Jancewicz & Son’s approach is for anything less than 5:12, they typically spec high temp, full coverage ice and water shield with a fully sealed seam (during install), commercial grade sealants inside a double lock, and a vented roof.Would pulling snow off just the overhang (and maybe then some) solve the problem?Good question. Perhaps not, since the melt water is likely to still freeze at the overhang and create the dam, just more visibly without the snow cover.Is the roofer the problem?I think, ultimately, yes. You often get what you pay for, and this company just put on the cladding, rather than working through the potential issues this particular building presented for the cladding used.So, what to do?I hate to be mealy-mouthed about this but I am going to suggest two possibilities. One is to do nothing and see what happens next year and cross the bridge of a really unusually prolonged cold and snowy season if and when it presents itself. The other option is to go back to a professional-grade roofing contractor and get his or her recommendations.Here is what Jancewicz suggests: Sorry to say, but start over. Twenty-four-gauge standing seam metal is essential for Climate Zone 6, as well as venting the assembly (see 2b above). Jancewicz is just about never the lowest bid on any project and they spend a lot of time training their sales staff to clearly explain the Jancewicz quality and value proposition.