Previous language trees only go back as far as 9,000 years and linguists have believed that language was not able to be traced farther back than that. However, Atkinson’s claims could have language going back as far as 100,000 years.In Atkinson’s study he looks, not at words, but at phonemes which are the consonants, vowels and tones which make up language. By applying mathematical methods, he has discovered a pattern within the more than 500 languages throughout the world.He has discovered that the farther humans had to travel from Africa, the less phonemes their language used. When looking at African based languages, some have more than 100 phonemes as a base. The English language only has around 45. Travel even further on the migration route, and you find Hawaiian with only 13 phonemes.These findings correlate well with the fossil and DNA evidence that modern humans originated in Africa. When it comes to genetic diversity in humans, there is also an established pattern of decreasing diversity the greater the distance from Africa. Because of this, it was not a surprise that language would follow in that same decreasing pattern. (PhysOrg.com) — Published in Science, a new report from biologist Quentin D. Atkinson from the University of Auckland is sparking controversy among linguists. Atkinson has been analyzing the sounds of the many languages around the world and has detected signals that lead to southern Africa as a place where all human language began. Use it or lose it? Study suggests the brain can remember a ‘forgotten’ language Citation: All languages may originate from Africa: study (2011, April 15) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2011-04-languages-africa.html More information: Phonemic Diversity Supports a Serial Founder Effect Model of Language Expansion from Africa, Science 15 April 2011: Vol. 332 no. 6027 pp. 346-349 DOI: 10.1126/science.1199295 © 2010 PhysOrg.com Explore further This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.
Sending a stern warning to state governments, a bench headed by Chief Justice HL Dattu said the states will have to face consequences if they fail to put shelter homes before the onset of winter.‘We will be very harsh to you if the shelter homes are not ready,’ the bench said.The bench was hearing a PIL filed by advocate E R Kumar alleging seeking its direction to governments to build shelter homes as many homeless people die due to cold in winter. Also Read – Need to understand why law graduate’s natural choice is not legal profession: CJIThe bench said that it will send court commissioners to find out whether the governments have set up night shelters or not.The apex court had earlier passed a series of orders for providing shelter to homeless people saying that right to shelter is a fundamental right.‘Nothing is more important for the State than to preserve and protect the lives of the most vulnerable, weak, poor and helpless people. The homeless people are constantly exposed to the risk of life while living on the pavements and the streets and the threat to life is particularly imminent in the severe and biting cold winter, especially in the northern India,’ the apex court had said.
Kolkata: Over one lakh devotees from 81 countries including India are set to participate in the annual Jagannath Rath Yatra festival and Fair at the global spiritual headquarter of International Society for Krishna Consciousness (ISKCON)in Mayapur of Nadia district from July 4. As part of the colourful rituals, three carts of Lord Jagannath, Baladev and Subhadra will be taken out on July 4, from the ISKCON Rajapur temple with the journey culminating at the main ISKCON Mayapur campus covering a distance of six km. Also Read – Rs 13,000 crore investment to provide 2 lakh jobs: Mamata On the way, the three decked up carts will pass through the birth place of 16th century Vaishnava saint Chaitanya Mahaprabhu. “Considering the mammoth crowd, of more than 1 lakh, that Rath Yatra at Mayapur pulls every year we have made elaborate security arrangements and also plan to set up medical booths on the way to take care of people in case of any emergency,” said Subroto Das, Media Spokesperson of ISKCON Mayapur. The fair and festivities would conclude with the Ulto Rath or the return journey of the three carts from the Mayapur campus to the Rajapur temple on July 12. Also Read – Lightning kills 8, injures 16 in state Around 4,000 of the devotees would be visiting Mayapur during the festival from 80 foreign countries like Brazil, Australia, USA, UK, China, Spain and Russia. The novelty this year lies in the construction of a huge pandal depicting the Jagannath temple which will become the Gundicha temple, where the Lord Jagannath will rest along with His siblings – Baladev and Subhadra for nine days till the return journey on July 12. A variety of cultural programmes would be presented by professional artists over the nine days. “It has been planned to distribute Chhappan Bhog (56 delicacies) for free to all visitors during these nine days,” said Das. The festival commemorates the annual journey of Lord Jagannath, Lord Baladev, and their sister Subhadra to their aunt’s place, the Gundicha Temple. The Rath Yatra was first celebrated by ISKCON in San Francisco in 1967. Currently, the festival is being organised in more than 1,000 centres across the world.
SAINTS have won their last 15 meetings with Castleford.The Tigers’ last win was on April 6 2008 when they edged home 30-24.Last 10 Meetings:St Helens 21, Castleford 14 (SLR3, 27/2/15)St Helens 41, Castleford 0 (SLQPO, 19/9/14)St Helens 38, Castleford 16 (SLR17, 22/6/14)Castleford 28, St Helens 30 (SLR8, 11/4/14)Castleford 24, St Helens 40 (SLR21, 7/7/13)St Helens 48, Castleford 18 (SLR10, 1/4/13)St Helens 44, Castleford 12 (SLR25, 17/8/12)Castleford 12, St Helens 18 (SLR11, 9/4/12)Castleford 26, St Helens 46 (SLR23, 31/7/11)St Helens 22, Castleford 20 (SLR12, 25/4/11)Super League Summary:Castleford won 4St Helens won 34 (includes wins in 1999 and 2014 play-offs)1 drawHigh and Lows:Castleford highest score: 36-22 (H, 2002) (Widest margin: 35-16, H, 1997)St Helens highest score: 72-4 (A, 2006) (also widest margin)Career Milestones:Jon Wilkin needs one try to reach a career century of touchdowns.His total of 99 has been scored as follows: 8 for Hull KR (2000-2002), 90 for St Helens (2003-2015) and 1 for England (2004-2005, 2008-2009 & 2011-2012). Wilkin also made 6 non-scoring appearances for Great Britain (2006-2007).Try-Scoring Runs:Castleford’s Denny Solomona (4-1-2) and Saints’ Adam Swift (1-1-1) have scored tries in their sides’ last three matches.Winning Runs:Saints have won their last five matches. Their last defeat was 33-26 at Catalans Dragons on May 9.Consecutive Appearances:Mose Masoe has the longest run of consecutive appearances amongst Super League players, with 49.He made his Saints debut as a substitute in a 38-18 win against Hull KR at Langtree Park on March 7 2014 and has been ever-present.1 Mose Masoe (St Helens) 492 Danny Washbrook (Wakefield Trinity Wildcats) 413 Elliott Whitehead (Catalans Dragons) 374 Jermaine McGillvary (Huddersfield Giants) 345 = Paul Aiton (Leeds Rhinos), Chris Hill (Warrington Wolves) 33First Utility Super League Leading Scorers:Tries:1 Joe Burgess (Wigan Warriors) 182 Tom Lineham (Hull FC) 153 = Ken Sio (Hull Kingston Rovers), Tommy Makinson (St Helens), Jordan Turner (St Helens) 136 = Kevin Brown (Widnes Vikings), Dominic Manfredi (Wigan Warriors) 128 = Zeb Taia (Catalans Dragons), Kieran Dixon (Hull Kingston Rovers), Albert Kelly (Hull Kingston Rovers), Josh Mantellato (Hull Kingston Rovers) 11Goals:1 Scott Dureau (Catalans Dragons) 592 = Danny Brough (Huddersfield Giants), Luke Gale (Castleford Tigers) 564 Kevin Sinfield (Leeds Rhinos) 545 Matty Smith (Wigan Warriors) 536 Josh Mantellato (Hull Kingston Rovers) 517 = Stefan Ratchford (Warrington Wolves), Marc Sneyd (Hull FC) 379 Jack Owens (Widnes Vikings) 3610 Josh Griffin (Salford Red Devils) 33Goals Percentage:1 Kevin Sinfield (Leeds Rhinos) 85.71 (54/63)2 Danny Tickle (Widnes Vikings) 84.61 (11/13)3 Tommy Makinson (St Helens) 82.60 (19/23)4 Scott Dureau (Catalans Dragons) 80.82 (59/73)5 = Danny Brough (Huddersfield Giants) (56/73), Luke Gale (Castleford Tigers) 76.71 (56/73)7 Josh Griffin (Salford Red Devils) 75.00 (33/44)8 Marc Sneyd (Hull FC) 71.15 (37/52)9 Craig Hall (Wakefield Trinity Wildcats) 71.05 (27/38)10 Gareth O’Brien (Warrington Wolves) 69.56 (16/23)Points:1 Josh Mantellato (Hull Kingston Rovers) 1462 Luke Gale (Castleford Tigers) 1373 Danny Brough (Huddersfield Giants) 1264 Scott Dureau (Catalans Dragons) 1245 Kevin Sinfield (Leeds Rhinos) 1226 Matty Smith (Wigan Warriors) 1207 Jack Owens (Widnes Vikings) 968 Stefan Ratchford (Warrington Wolves) 949 = Tommy Makinson (St Helens), Marc Sneyd (Hull FC) 90