FacebookTwitterLinkedInEmailPrint分享Bloomberg News:Days after Energy Secretary Rick Perry requested a study on how to help coal-fired power plants, a lobbyist for the largest U.S. coal producer contacted the department to offer his advice. Many of those ideas became part of the department’s efforts to help the fuel source.Travis Fisher, a senior adviser at the department who coordinated the report, sought and received input from Raymond Shepherd, a top Peabody Energy Corp. lobbyist in Washington. Shepherd, a vice president for government affairs, said the department should highlight a key reason why coal is important: “On-site fuel storage increases reliability,” he said in an email. “Power generation can be interrupted by outages, weather events and competing market pressures.”The resulting study, released by the Energy Department in August, touted the value of power from coal-fired power plants, emphasizing just that point: on-site storage of fuel offers an important way to safeguard the electric grid’s resiliency. A month later the department proposed a rule to bail out coal plants, touting just those fuel-storage attributes. That regulation, if adopted, would be a boon for coal companies like Peabody. Neither natural gas nor renewable energy, coal’s chief competitors in electricity markets, have the fuel-storage attributes of coal.The emails also show that Peabody sought help from the Energy Department and other federal agencies to extend the life of the massive coal-fired Navajo Generation Station in Arizona. A Peabody mine supplies that plant.“We would love to get your insight on how DOE could work with the EPA and Interior to assist in keeping the plant open,” Shepherd wrote in an April 12 email.The emails show that the Energy Department’s study was not an objective look at the reliability of the grid as the department has maintained, said Casey Roberts, a senior attorney for the environmental group, the Sierra Club.The Sierra Club has joined with groups as diverse at the American Petroleum Institute and American Chemistry Council to oppose Perry’s proposed regulation.“These documents show the influence certain private interests had and the extraordinary access they had while the Department of Energy was conducting this study,” Roberts said in an interview. “The communications between Peabody and Department of Energy staff show a shared understanding that the objective of the DOE study was to preserve coal generation.”More: How Coal Giant Peabody’s Ideas Ended Up in Trump’s Coal Study Peabody’s Hand in Writing a Federal Coal-Bailout Initiative
Month: December 2020 Page 1 of 6
FacebookTwitterLinkedInEmailPrint分享Arkansas Business:The Arkansas Advanced Energy Association examined utility trends, heard from industry leaders and bestowed awards for energy efficiency and renewable innovations Tuesday in Little Rock. But the annual conference’s “mic-drop moment” came when an award winner announced that he’ll be seeking the state’s first utility-wide electricity rate decrease tied to savings from solar power.Mark Cayce, CEO of Ouachita Electric Cooperative Corp. of Camden, drew a standing ovation from the energy efficiency and solar crowd at Heifer International headquarters when he made the rate announcement after receiving the association’s initial Advanced Energy Pioneer Award.“I made some pretty bold statements in support of solar power when the Legislature was considering solar policy, predicting that solar could actually bring rates down,” Cayce told the gathered renewable energy entrepreneurs, contractors and utility representatives. “Today I can announce that after our most recent rate study, on Oct. 17 we’re going to be seeking a 4 and 1/2-percent rate decrease at Ouachita Electric Cooperative Corp.”OECC, which serves about 7,000 members in south Arkansas and north Louisiana, was an early solar adopter as a partner with Aerojet Rocketdyne Inc. in a 12-megawatt array to power defense plant operations in East Camden in 2016. At the time, the array was the state’s largest solar project. OECC later built its own community solar station outside its Camden headquarters, and partnered with Today’s Power Inc. on an array for Southern Arkansas University Tech in Camden.Cayce has said that solar power saves the cooperative’s members by significantly reducing the amount of power the utility has to buy at premium prices during peak summer usage.“That was the mic-drop moment,” said Josh Davenport, CEO of Seal Solar Solutions of North Little Rock, describing Cayce’s rate-cut announcement. “We hear about cost-shifting from solar, but this is savings-shifting,” he said, referring to the common utility argument that solar adoption shifts infrastructure costs to utility customers who don’t have solar power. “This is the opposite,” Davenport said.More: At advanced energy event, solar power fuels a surprise rate-cut plan Arkansas co-op announces plan to cut rates because of savings from solar power projects
FacebookTwitterLinkedInEmailPrint分享China Dialogue:Bangladesh’s minister of power, energy and mineral resources, Nasrul Hamid, surprised energy watchers recently when he said the country is planning to “review” all but three of 29 planned coal plants.“We are keeping the three coal-fired power plants that are under construction. At present, we are aiming for [40 to 41GW of total generation capacity], where only 5GW is coal based,” said Minister Hamid during a webinar run by the Centre for Policy Dialogue. “We are reviewing how we can move from coal-based power plants.”Bangladesh has one of the largest coal power pipelines in the world, a total of 29 power plants amounting to 33.2GW of capacity, according to a 2019 study by an Australian organisation that tracks fossil fuel investment. If the minister’s comments become government policy, up to 26 power plants accounting for 28GW of capacity could be put under review. That’s 90% of the coal pipeline.“It would dramatically swing the nation’s power development away from coal,” said Simon Nicholas, energy finance analyst with the Institute for Energy Economics and Financial Analysis (IEEFA).“Coal power is no more a cheap option and it’s becoming more expensive for imported coal. Hence, the government is reconsidering its earlier plan on coal-power generation in its energy mix”, Mohammad Hossain, director general of the ministry’s research body, Power Cell, commented in the webinar, echoing Minister Hamid’s suggestion to review coal power plans.The 29 coal power plants currently in Bangladesh’s pipeline are at varying stages of development. The three that Minister Hamid suggested will continue as planned – Rampal, Matarbari and Payra – have entered construction and are nearing completion. Their financiers include Chinese, Japanese and Indian export credit and international cooperation agencies. Other projects have signed engineering, procurement and construction (EPC) deals, equity investment deals or are only at the stage of memoranda of understanding.Though of a much larger scale than elsewhere, Bangladesh’s potential pivot from coal is not an isolated incident this year. In June, the 700MW Qasim coal power project in Pakistan was cancelled, in large part due to lack of demand. A number of Vietnam’s coal power projects, long plagued with financing and construction start problems, are also looking increasingly unfeasible in the post-Covid world. In a consultation session held earlier this month, Vietnam’s Energy Institute suggested that the country’s next decade-long power plan due to come into force next year could see up to 9.5GW of planned coal capacity cancelled and 7.5GW postponed until at least 2030, about half of the country’s total planned coal power.[Tom Baxter]More: Bangladesh may ditch 90% of its planned coal power Bangladesh taking second look at 28GW of planned coal-fired generating capacity
Dear EarthTalk: Freight companies like FedEx, UPS and all those 18 wheelers on the highways probably generate a lot of pollution and global warming. Is anything being done to address this? – Michael Brown, Washington, DCFreight companies operating in the U.S. and beyond do generate significant amounts of pollution. While transportation technologies and fuels have gotten more efficient in recent years, freight demands have grown considerably over the past two decades. Today, in the U.S. alone, for example, freight is responsible for about a quarter of all transportation-related greenhouse gas emissions.Most freight trucks, locomotives and ships run on diesel engines, which are major sources of emissions of nitrogen oxides, particulate matter and carbon dioxide (CO2). Repeated exposure to nitrogen oxide-based smog and particulate matter has been linked to a wide range of human health problems, and we all know what CO2 emissions are doing to the planet’s atmosphere and ecosystems in terms of global warming.According to a 2005 analysis by the U.S. Department of Transportation’s Federal Highway Administration (FHA), heavy duty trucks are the biggest villains, accounting for 77.8 percent of total U.S. freight greenhouse gas emissions. Boat, train and airplane freight contribute 10.8, 8.7 and 2.8 percent respectively.Besides filling up loads completely and keeping equipment well tuned, shippers can reduce emissions via smarter operations and procedures. Software developed by UPS’s Roadnet helps logistics managers re-engineer their fleet routing, preventing tons of emissions and saving millions of dollars and in the process.Newer Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) emissions standards aim to reduce nitrogen oxide and particulate matter pollution from freight operators upwards of 60 percent by 2020. They are a step in the right direction, but the failure of Congress to pass substantive federal legislation limiting CO2 emissions means that a growing freight sector will continue to pump out more and more greenhouse gases.A recently released report by the tri-lateral North American Free Trade Agreement’s (NAFTA’s) Commission for Environmental Cooperation (CEC) lays out a vision for how to make freight—the second largest source of greenhouse gas emissions in North America after electricity generation—more efficient and less polluting across Mexico, the U.S. and Canada.The report identifies some scary trends. For example, emissions from freight-related vehicles grew 74 percent between 1990 and 2008—some 40 percent more than emissions growth from passenger vehicles over the same time span. Also, while emissions by light duty vehicles are expected to drop 12 percent by 2030, freight truck emissions are expected to grow by 20 percent. To start turning the freight sector around, CEC recommends that the three countries party to NAFTA start shifting to lower carbon fuels, putting a price on carbon emissions and replacing crumbling infrastructure. These fixes won’t be cheap, but CEC claims they will save money in the long run and clean up of North American freight altogether. 1 2
Dear Mountain Mama,Longer days and warmer temperatures mean that summer is just around the corner. Summer is absolutely my favorite time of year except for one small thing – bathing suits. While I love the feeling of paddling bare-armed or soaking up sun along the river’s edge, just the thought of putting on a bikini fills me with dread. So much so that it’s tempting to stay covered up all summer long.Any tips?Yours,Bikini Fearing Dear Bikini Fearing,When we expose ourselves after a winter of jeans and sweaters, it can be scary. Our eyes seem to almost search for every dimple, lump, wrinkle, and sag. And what we look for, of course we find.If the body image ideal we hold most sacred is that of a taunt teenager, we will inevitably be left disappointed. We do not have the ability to turn back the years before gravity, babies, and long stints in the office took their toll.The choice we do have is how we define the ideal body. We can look in the mirror and be disgusted by the cellulite that’s taken permanent residence on our upper thighs. Or, if we squint, perhaps we can see those same dimples as the mirror reflection of the gentle slopes of a mountain ridge we hold dear. I’ve started telling myself that I have my very view of the Blue Ridge etched onto my body, as if a tattoo artist had inked it there.And when I look at my rounded, soft stomach, I think of the gentle start it provided to my son’s life. I see gratitude in the curves, for nurturing and housing my little boy when he was becoming ready for this wonderful world.Every time I catch myself lamenting my “thick” or “big” legs, I remind myself how many hundreds of miles those legs have carried me. I think of how capable they’ve been in carrying me and a pack on some of the Great Walks in New Zealand. Or I think of how they pedaled my bike across the state of Wisconsin one summer.Even my stretch marks look beautiful these days. They remind me of the waves of the Atlantic that I so long to see every year around this time. My stretch marks are exactly the same shape as the ripples that fade into the horizon as I sit on the beach watching the last of the pastel-streaked sky on the long, lazy evenings of cherished family vacation.Bikini Fearing, it’s up to you to decide whether you want to see cellulite or mountain ridges, whether you want to see stretch marks or ocean waves. Look for the gratitude, and you’re sure to find it.Here’s to lathering up and soaking up the rays!Mountain Mama
Hobnail Trekking Co., an adventure travel outfitter based in Nashville, will conduct its “Everest Base Camp Trek Experience” presentation in Asheville at Diamond Brand Outdoors’ “Sherpa Night” on Tuesday, Oct. 17. The free event at 6:30 pm is co-sponsored by Sherpa Adventure Gear, an international apparel company founded in Kathmandu, and Diamond Brand Outdoors, Asheville’s most-tenured outdoor retailer.“When most people hear the words ‘Mt. Everest,’ they think of adventurers attempting to climb the world’s tallest mountain at the risk of their lives,” says Mark Johnson, Hobnail Trekking Co. owner. “But we deal only with trekking to Everest Base Camp, not climbing the mountain. The trek is an iconic, life-changing experience that is within reach of many people, both financially and physically. No mountaineering experience is required; this is just an awe-inspiring hike through the most revered mountain range on the planet.”Dawa Jangbu Lama, an Everest region Sherpa and longtime trekking guide who sees as Hobnail Trekking Company’s director of Nepali operations, will be a speaker during the event and will be available to answer questions.“I’m excited to visit Asheville,” says Lama, who has lived in the U.S. part-time since 2014. “Part of our mission at Hobnail Trekking is to let Americans know that experiencing the Himalayas is not as far-fetched as it might seem. A lot of it is actually very similar to North Carolina’s mountains.”Diamond Brand Outdoors Marketing Manager Chris Bubenik says “Sherpa Night” will be one of the store’s most anticipated and exciting events of the year.“When we decided to bring Sherpa Adventure Gear into our store, we knew we wanted to highlight what stands at the very foundation of the brand: the Sherpa,” explains Bubenik. “We knew from the beginning we wanted to invite Dawa Jangbu Lama to be part of Sherpa Night. As the only outfitter based in the eastern U.S. that provides treks to Nepal, Hobnail Trekking Company embodies the same spirit as Sherpa Adventure Gear, Diamond Brand Outdoors, and, of course, the Sherpas who make the routes, carry the loads, and set the ropes to the top of the treacherous slopes of the Himalayas and back.”Bubenik says Hobnail Trekking Co. will cover the details of trek — including pricing, itinerary, travel, food, and lodging — and will conduct a question-and-answer session with Lama. Sherpa Adventure Gear will also show a video documentary focusing on Nepalese culture, provide authentic Nepali food, and will offer giveaways and prizes. A portion of proceeds for Sherpa Adventure Gear sales will be donated to provide scholarships to children who grow up in remote Himalayan villages.
For the all of June, the folks in Beech Mountain, N.C. have an entire month of family-friendly events and outdoor adventures lined up.Located about two hours from Asheville, two and a half hours from Charlotte, and an hour from Johnson City, Beech Mountain is an easy day trip for families in the surrounding areas. Popular for its mountain biking in the summer and skiing in the winter, many of you are already familiar with the place.June is the time to bring the entire family for some unique fun in this picturesque outdoor paradise. From guided bike rides and hikes to races and movie nights, there is something for everyone to do. They are also offering special lodging rates for families looking to come play.This month’s special events include:Friday Field DaysFamily Friendly ConcertsThe Annual “A Cool 5 Race”Movies Under The Stars47th Annual Roasting of the HogMile High Fourth Of JulyHiking and BikingThe trails around Beech Mountain have something for everyone. Whether you’re looking for a leisurely family stroll or wanting to charge some epic downhill on the bike, there is a trail for you. For family fun month, they have specials on mountain biking lessons and guided rides. There are guided hikes on June 7 and June 21 along the Grassy Gap Creek and Emerald Outback trails.Paddling and FishingFamilies visiting Beech Mountain for family fun month have access to free canoe and paddleboat rentals at Buckeye Lake. They provide the paddles and lifejackets as well. All month long, there are guided trout fishing tours with Rec Center staff. They provide the rods and reels.Other ActivitiesAlong with your traditional outdoor recreation opportunities, family fun month also has several other fun outdoor activities. Families can challenge themselves playing Mini-golf, disc golf, and pickleball all month long.For a full lineup of events and list of lodging specials, learn more about family fun month here.
Aaron Carapella is working to change the narrative about Indigenous Peoples in this country through Tribal Nations Maps. Whose land are we hiking, biking, climbing, and paddling on? When it comes to the history of public lands and conservation in this country, the Indigenous Peoples who once occupied those land are often left out of the conversation. Now, several mapping and preservation projects are telling a deeper story of the places where we play. With funding from the Cherokee Preservation Foundation through the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians Tribal Historic Preservation Office, Littlejohn has written and filmed ten short videos that tell a story at or near historic Cherokee sites. “A lot of those people still live off of the land and survive off it,” she said. “It’s not just because they have to, but they want to. There are ceremonial practices that are also carried out and having that access to lands that are sacred or culturally important is really important for them.” However, the Native Land app does help start a conversation about the history of the land. Land acknowledgements are a way of recognizing the people who lived on the land before colonizers pushed them out. This could take many different forms, from a spoken acknowledgement at the start of a conference to a written acknowledgment in an Instagram caption. “People are becoming more aware and thinking history didn’t just start here with us,” Littlejohn said. “What happened here 180 years ago? What happened 11,000 years ago?” “As a kid, I would go to pow wows or Native American events and museums in California where I grew up,” he said. “I would find really basic maps with 30 or 40 tribes on them, mostly the common ones you would hear if you were watching John Wayne movies.” “This is information that actually is about people,” Temprano said. “It matters. When you screw it up, it matters. So, if you draw someone’s territory wrong or you incorrectly write their name, that can be pretty harmful to some people and it’s important to pay attention to that.” “Everyone wants to be represented. We all want to be seen,” he said. “Not in an egotistical or narcissistic way but recognized as human beings. This is where we’re from. I was trying to combat some of those other maps that were cheesy with caricatures drawn on them that were culturally incorrect. They would have a Seminole Indian with a headdress on whereas they didn’t dress like that.” There are several sites along the Trail of Tears National Historic Trail open to visitors, including the Hiwassee River Heritage Center, Port Royal State Historic Park, and Mantle Rock Nature Preserve. These sites were stops along the route many indigenous people took during the forced removal from their land. As he did more research, Carapella started offering a variety of maps, from Nations of the Western Hemisphere to more localized regional maps. He gives people the option to buy the maps with or without modern-day borders. Native Land is an interactive website and app that allows users to search by zip code or use geolocation to better understand the people, languages, and treaties that once governed the land they are on and, in many places, are still a part of the landscapes but often go unrecognized. Click here to view the Native Land app. Littlejohn, an enrolled member of the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians, is now working on another ten videos focused on the Qualla Boundary. With the videos only running around five minutes and free online, she hopes the stories and history will be more accessible to more people, especially Cherokee families. He has now developed over 150 Tribal maps, postcards, and puzzles, representing 3,900 Nations and sub-Tribes throughout the Western Hemisphere. Carapella found that most people didn’t know the land’s Indigenous history. A self-taught map maker, Carapella started designing his own set of maps to decolonize the way popular maps of the United States and tribal lands depicted Indigenous Peoples. But maps are only as accurate as the cartographer who makes them, often allowing for bias to influence how the map tells the story with labels and what, or who, is included. “I have this open policy that if I have a map in the incorrect place, the spelling has been changed by the tribe, or I’m missing a band here or there, I will always make regular updates,” Carapella said. “So, these maps have been a mission in progress. The ultimate point is to represent as many people that have been historically underrepresented on maps as possible.” Portions of these trails have become part of the Appalachian and Benton MacKaye Trails, but many have become overgrown or were abandoned. Using old maps and journals for his research, Marshall has also included information about the plants and animals of the area in the early 1700s. As a teller of Cherokee stories for more than 30 years, Kathi Littlejohn is reaching a new audience on YouTube with her series Cherokee History & Stories: What Happened Here? Although he does sell the maps to cover the cost of printing, Carapella has donated hundreds of maps to museums, underfunded schools, and Boys and Girls Clubs so that the next generation has a better understanding of history and the present. “If you were floating the Little Tennessee River or French Broad River, you’re following what was a Cherokee Trail on both sides of the river,” Marshall said. “Their trails were part of a continental wide network of trails that went from Hudson Bay to the Gulf of Mexico, from the Atlantic to the Pacific.” Great Smoky Mountains National Park, N.C. “Ninety-seven percent of the tribal names that you see are the common or colloquial names that were given either by another tribe or from Europeans,” he said. “Only three percent are the actual original name for themselves. As Europeans moved west, they would ask a tribe, “Who is to the west of you? Who are the next people we are going to encounter? What do you call those people?” “Where are these people that I just acknowledged?” he said. “Where do they live? What is the situation? Are they fighting for legal rights? Do they have land? What use do they have of their traditional territory? Start asking those types of questions and see if that takes people somewhere. Because otherwise it just becomes another easy thing to say that has no power and it’s just lip service.” “You could spend your whole life studying this and you would never even get started on it,” he said. The overlapping outlines of communities illustrate the complexities involved with mapping Indigenous territories in the sense of what Westerners usually think of when it comes to states and boundaries. The Cherokee Garden at the Green Meadows Preserve features plants used by the Cherokee people of the region for food, medicine, tools, weapons, and shelter. Johnson, who is Coast Salish from the Tsawout First Nation on her mother’s side and Tsimshian from Laxkwala’ams on her father’s side, said early explorers and settler governments used maps to invalidate Indigenous People’s claims to their own land. One thing especially important to Carapella in the creation of these maps was the use of names. “They’ll talk about things like immigration, genocide, disease epidemics, which tribes helped in the Revolutionary War and Civil War, and all the different implications of that,” Carapella said. “The maps do prompt a whole lot of conversation.” Noland Creek Trail connected the Little Tennessee River Trail to Clingmans Dome, known to the Cherokee as Kuwahi or the Mulberry Place. Noland Creek Trail is also a section of the larger Benton MacKaye Trail. Trail of Tears “It’s a pretty good step because it’s taking something that wasn’t ever visible or spoken and suddenly people are noticing it and trying to pronounce names,” Temprano said. “Even just thinking about it at all is a positive step. In my opinion, territory acknowledgements are useful early steps, but they can very easily become a token gesture because they don’t cost a lot to do.” Carapella started out with a map of nations in the United States. Then he started getting comments from people in Canada saying he was using an arbitrary colonial border to cut off a nation from both sides of the border. The trail is maintained and in excellent condition. We recommend beginning at Wayah Bald and following the Bartram Trail route east to Bruce Knob where it leaves the Cherokee trail and ends at the Bartram trailhead at Wallace Creek. The pipeline map is available on Tribal Nations Maps’ website for free download to bring more awareness to current issues facing Indigenous communities. Victor Temprano was mapping resource management projects, including pipelines running through traditional lands, when he began to realize that mapping Indigenous territories was a project of its own. In many places, national parks that we now use for recreation were created without the consent of the people already living there. Johnson said that in some cases, park management policies prevent Indigenous Peoples from ancestral practices such as hunting, fishing, and harvesting cedar. “I think the whole intention is to stimulate discussion in talking about the land,” Johnson said. “Whose land are you on? What is the history behind the land? What is the history of how those people got removed or were excluded or essentially erased from their traditional territory? How did that happen and how do we deal with that?” Kathi Littlejohn tells the story of The Leech Place. “The ecology was incredible during that time,” he said. “There were buffalo all over the mountain. You had millions of passenger pigeons that would land in the trees. It wasn’t like the forest we have today. Every third tree in the mountains was an American Chestnut. When it died out, that took out 20 to 30 percent of mast that was in the forest. So, the bear populations were less, the turkeys and deer were less.” Moving forward, Temprano said the next step is to start forming actual relationships with Indigenous Peoples and organizations. “There’s power in taking back your own name for yourself,” Carapella said. “Many tribes’ names are specifically tied to whatever area they are from. Our very name is embedded into the place we live.” Museum of the Cherokee Indian “There’s never just one pipeline,” Carapella said. “There’s never just one sacred site being discussed or litigated in court. There are so many pipelines that affect not only Native Peoples and cross Native territories, but it’s an issue for communities in general.” As a member of the board of directors, Johnson is involved with shaping the future of Native Land. Moving forward, the board will look at questions of who gets put on the map, how to approach the map in a respectful manner that does not harm communities, and what other educational materials they might want to put out. The app opens with a disclaimer that the map does not “represent official or legal boundaries of any Indigenous nations” and users should contact individual nations for more information. Temprano makes it clear that the map is not an academic level project and should not be used as such. For each nation represented on the map, Carapella works to have three sources for the name with the primary information coming from a tribal source. He has reached out to around 1,000 nations in the United States and Canada by phone, email, letter, or in person. As new information comes in, he makes sure the maps are as up to date as possible. “I thought it was a really powerful tool,” she said. “At the time, I was learning about planning history and how land was taken away from First Nations people. Maps and drawing lines on maps was a really big tool that was used to do that. I thought it was a great idea, not only as an educational tool for settlers who don’t really know whose land they’re on, but also to empower the local communities to take the power of mapping and drawing lines into their own hands again.” Starting the Conversation Visit the Museum of the Cherokee Indian for more than 11,000 years of history, culture, and stories of the Cherokee people. The museum hosts Heritage Day on the second Saturday of each month with live music, traditional dancing, crafts, and storytelling. Click here to view more of Carapella’s maps. “Myself, as a settler, it’s kind of a strange space for me to be running this project and in control of all those complicated decisions about who is Indigenous,” Temprano said. “So, I really wanted to have a group of Indigenous People who could debate some of these questions and explore different answers and make decisions about what is appropriate for the map.” “I am always looking for ways to get other people interested and to learn the stories to tell them themselves,” Littlejohn said. West Cobb County, Ga. “My biggest hope is to tell the stories and protect those sites,” Littlejohn said. “We literally go past them every day. I wish that people would visit the sites, feel what happened there, and then use the stories in their own lives. I think that anybody that realizes something happened right there gives them a deeper understanding of things that are happening now.” “It was a policy for development by planners to systematically erase them from the land,” she said. “They mapped out where the resources were. They mapped out where Indigenous communities were in relation to those resources. And for the simple reason of wanting to gain profit from resource destruction, they would physically remove them from villages that they have lived in for centuries.” The maps include the commonly known names and traditional names like Ani’yunwi’ya (Cherokee), meaning the principle people, and Diné (Navajo), meaning the people. In 2016, at the time of the Standing Rock opposition to the Dakota Access Pipeline in North Dakota, he released a map detailing all of the proposed pipelines running through tribal homelands. A map tells a story about the relationship between people and the land. Through the key, scale, and compass rose, a map can tell us where we have been and where we are going. Although he has been working on this project for decades, Marshall said there is still so much to learn. “When I started, it was not that clear what exactly I was mapping,” Temprano said. “Was I mapping territory in 1492? Was I mapping territory today? You have many of the nations in Oklahoma now that weren’t in Oklahoma. So where should their territories be? Does that mean they’re not living on their own land? There are a lot of questions that go into that.” At the end of 2018, Native Land Digital became a not-for-profit organization led by an Indigenous Board of Directors. Cherokee, N.C. The Unacknowledged History of the Land Beneath Our Boots Green Meadows Preserve Lamar Marshall, the cultural heritage director at Wild South, has also been working with the Cherokee Preservation Foundation and the Trail of Tears Association to map Eastern Cherokee trails and create an online database of the history and ecology of the region. “A lot of people look at Native People in a historical sense,” Carapella said. “Native people are still here, living and breathing. There are 100 tribes right now that are in litigation over pieces of their land. There are tribes that are fighting over sacred sites. There’s always tons of fights to get native people to be represented. It’s positive over time but there’s still lots of struggles. There’s a story to every tribe. These maps are only one small piece of the puzzle of us, as a country, realizing how many native people were here.” Telling the Stories Efforts to reclaim the history and names of Indigenous Peoples extends beyond literal maps of territories. In one episode, Littlejohn stands on the bank where the Valley and Hiwassee Rivers come together in what is present day Murphy, North Carolina. Cherokee speakers still refer to Murphy as The Leech Place. Trimont Ridge Trail and Bartram Trail to Wayah Bald Franklin, N.C. Acknowledgement as the First Step Noland Creek Trail Ga., Tenn., Ky., Ala., and N.C. Shauna Johnson was working on her Master’s at the University of British Columbia where she met Temprano and learned about the project he was working on.
By Dialogo March 03, 2009 In his first visit to Brazil, the chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff met with top leaders here and emphasized the importance of military-to-military cooperation as part of the overall U.S.-Brazilian relationship. Navy Adm. Mike Mullen met with Brazilian Defense Minister Nelson Jobim and the leaders of the Brazilian armed forces. Brazilian officials said having the meetings here, in the heart of the Amazon rain forest, would give Mullen a good idea of the country’s military capabilities and the challenges of defending areas such as the Amazon Basin. Military-to-military contacts between the two nations are important to the overall relationship between Brazil and the United States, Mullen said at an impromptu news conference before meetings at the Amazon Military Command headquarters. He said he was impressed by the discipline and professionalism the Brazilian servicemembers displayed, and that he enjoyed meeting the leaders and servicemembers in the field. “You learn a great deal more being in the field than being in the capital,” the chairman said. “I can really see what the command does every single day, and how important the command is to the country of Brazil.” Brazil is at the heart of a region that is vital not just to South America, but to the United States and countries around the world, the admiral said. “We are greatly dependent and have a great deal of respect for the leadership of Brazil,” he added. Jobim echoed Mullen’s emphasis on the importance of the U.S.-Brazil relationship, and noted that trust is essential to that relationship. The Brazilian defense minister turned to Mullen and said, “We trust Admiral Mullen.” Brazil is the fifth-largest nation in the world by population. The global economic crisis seems to have affected the country less than other nations, with an economy that experienced 5.8 percent growth in 2008. U.S. and Brazilian forces have worked together in United Nations peacekeeping operations in Haiti and elsewhere. U.S. and Brazilian servicemembers conduct military exercises together, and military-to-military cooperation also includes an extensive exchange program. U.S. Army noncommissioned officers attend the Brazilian Jungle School, and Brazilian cadets attend the U.S. Military Academy at West Point, N.Y.
By Dialogo March 26, 2010 The multipurpose amphibious assault ship USS Bataan (LHD 5) and embarked Marines from the 22nd Marine Expeditionary Unit (MEU) completed their support to Operation Unified Response and depart Haiti on March 25th. U.S. Southern Command released the Bataan and its embarked Sailors and Marines following a steady decline in demand for the capabilities of the ship and its crew as relief efforts in the Caribbean nation transitioned from urgent life-saving activities to long-term recovery. Bataan arrived in Haiti Jan. 18 and immediately began supporting U.S. relief efforts led by the U.S. Agency for International Development’s Office of Foreign Disaster Assistance (USAID/OFDA). Within 48 hours of arriving, helicopter and landing craft from Bataan transported 23 patients with serious earthquake-related injuries to the ship, where they were stabilized and treated before being transferred to follow-on care facilities to begin their long-term recovery. During its two months on station, rotary-wing aircraft from the Bataan Amphibious Ready Group (ARG) and the MEU flew 2,200 missions to aid communities affected by the earthquake, delivering nearly 560,000 liters of bottled water, 200,000 gallons of bulk water, 1.6 million pounds of rations and 15,000 pounds of medical supplies. Helicopters and air cushion landing craft (LCAC) from the ship evacuated 97 patients to the ship’s medical facilities and transported another 524 patients to and from the hospital ship USNS Comfort, aircraft carrier USS Carl Vinson (CVN 70) and to medical facilities throughout Port-au-Prince. Bataan’s crew also assisted residents in the town of Grand Goave, removing 150 tons of rubble, building 65 shelters for 130 families and distributing more than 500,000 meals. “The Marines and Sailors of the Bataan Amphibious Ready Group and the MEU have once again demonstrated how their speed, flexibility and training can be called upon to help save lives,” said Maj. Gen. Cornell A. Wilson, Jr., commander of U.S. Marine Corps Forces, South. “They brought food, water, medical aid, and hope to the people of Haiti in some of the most devastated parts of the country at a time when getting help into Haiti was extremely challenging.” To date, the U.S. government has contributed more than $779 million in earthquake response funding for Haiti.