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Selling prices accelerate at a record pace

first_img Tags: NULL Ad Unmute by Taboolaby TaboolaSponsored LinksSponsored LinksPromoted LinksPromoted LinksYou May LikeMoneyPailShe Was A Star, Now She Works In ScottsdaleMoneyPailUndoNoteabley25 Funny Notes Written By StrangersNoteableyUndoautooverload.comDeclassified Vietnam War Photos The Public Wasn’t Meant To Seeautooverload.comUndoOpulent ExpressHer Quadruplets Were Born Without A Hitch. Then Doctors Realized SomethingOpulent ExpressUndoElite HeraldKate Middleton Dropped An Unexpected Baby BombshellElite HeraldUndoTrading BlvdThis Picture of Prince Harry & Father at The Same Age Will Shock YouTrading BlvdUndoTaonga: The Island FarmThe Most Relaxing Farm Game of 2021. No InstallTaonga: The Island FarmUndomoneycougar.comThis Proves The Osmonds Weren’t So Innocentmoneycougar.comUndoBetterBeDrones Capture Images No One Was Suppose to SeeBetterBeUndo Show Comments ▼ whatsapp SHOP price inflation accelerated in August at its fastest rate since February 1992, the CBI revealed yesterday, raising the ugly spectre of persistently rising prices and creating even more of a headache for the Bank of England.In its August distributive trades survey, the business lobby reported that a net 58 per cent of firms said average selling prices had risen compared to a year ago. The looming VAT hike to 20 per cent in January, combined with rising food prices, will only create more inflationary pressures.While the outlook for consumer spending remains uncertain, retailers are at their most positive about the future since May 2004, with a net 22 per cent of firms forecasting that the overall business situation will improve over the next three months.More than half of the retailers surveyed said that the volume of sales rose during the first two weeks of August, compared to just 18 per cent experiencing a decline.Sub-sectors that saw the strongest growth included clothing, grocers, and durable household goods, which the CBI said has been helped by better weather at the beginning of the month and the summer holidays.Lai Wah Co, CBI head of economic analysis, said: “Better sales growth continued on the high street in early August, and retailers are upbeat about prospects in the coming three months.” “However, the broader outlook for consumer spending is still uncertain, given the VAT rise next year, subdued pay awards and the feed-through of public spending cuts to job losses, ” she added.Analysts said that this boded well for third quarter GDP growth, which had been expected to slump after a stunning second quarter. Societe Generale’s Brian Hilliard said that yesterday’s CBI data pointed to further strong consumption growth in the three months to October. KCS-content center_img whatsapp Thursday 26 August 2010 8:50 pm More From Our Partners Police Capture Elusive Tiger Poacher After 20 Years of Pursuing the Huntergoodnewsnetwork.orgA ProPublica investigation has caused outrage in the U.S. this weekvaluewalk.comKiller drone ‘hunted down a human target’ without being told tonypost.comBrave 7-Year-old Boy Swims an Hour to Rescue His Dad and Little Sistergoodnewsnetwork.orgBiden received funds from top Russia lobbyist before Nord Stream 2 giveawaynypost.comRussell Wilson, AOC among many voicing support for Naomi Osakacbsnews.comFlorida woman allegedly crashes children’s birthday party, rapes teennypost.comNative American Tribe Gets Back Sacred Island Taken 160 Years Agogoodnewsnetwork.orgAstounding Fossil Discovery in California After Man Looks Closelygoodnewsnetwork.orgI blew off Adam Sandler 22 years ago — and it’s my biggest regretnypost.comSupermodel Anne Vyalitsyna claims income drop, pushes for child supportnypost.comSidney Crosby, Alex Ovechkin are graying and frayingnypost.com980-foot skyscraper sways in China, prompting panic and evacuationsnypost.comFeds seized 18 devices from Rudy Giuliani and his employees in April raidnypost.comKamala Harris keeps list of reporters who don’t ‘understand’ her: reportnypost.comMark Eaton, former NBA All-Star, dead at 64nypost.comUK teen died on school trip after teachers allegedly refused her pleasnypost.comWhy people are finding dryer sheets in their mailboxesnypost.com Share Selling prices accelerate at a record pace last_img read more

ZB Financial Holdings Limited (ZBFH.zw) 2001 Annual Report

first_imgZB Financial Holdings Limited (ZBFH.zw) listed on the Zimbabwe Stock Exchange under the Banking sector has released it’s 2001 annual report.For more information about ZB Financial Holdings Limited (ZBFH.zw) reports, abridged reports, interim earnings results and earnings presentations, visit the ZB Financial Holdings Limited (ZBFH.zw) company page on AfricanFinancials.Document: ZB Financial Holdings Limited (ZBFH.zw)  2001 annual report.Company ProfileZB Financial Holdings Limited provides financial solutions to the commercial and merchant banking sector in Zimbabwe, as well as retail banking services, insurance operations and strategic investments. Known as Zimbank, the company services its clients through a nationwide footprint of branches in major towns and cities in Zimbabwe and electronic delivery channels. The Insurance division provides structured insurance products for short- and long-term insurance; and the Strategic Investment division offers shared services which include risk management, compliance and human resources, and investments in property holdings and sub-sectors of the financial sector. ZB Financial Holdings Limited is listed on the Zimbabwe Stock Exchangelast_img read more

Anglican Church in Tunisia invests in the future

first_imgAnglican Church in Tunisia invests in the future Press Release Service Episcopal Migration Ministries’ Virtual Prayer Vigil for World Refugee Day Facebook Live Prayer Vigil June 20 @ 7 p.m. ET Rector Knoxville, TN Associate Rector for Family Ministries Anchorage, AK Rector (FT or PT) Indian River, MI Seminary of the Southwest announces appointment of two new full time faculty members Seminary of the Southwest Rector Smithfield, NC Assistant/Associate Priest Scottsdale, AZ Rector Shreveport, LA Episcopal Charities of the Diocese of New York Hires Reverend Kevin W. VanHook, II as Executive Director Episcopal Charities of the Diocese of New York Cathedral Dean Boise, ID Assistant/Associate Rector Morristown, NJ Curate Diocese of Nebraska An Evening with Aliya Cycon Playing the Oud Lancaster, PA (and streaming online) July 3 @ 7 p.m. ET Featured Events Submit a Job Listing Anglican Communion Ya no son extranjeros: Un diálogo acerca de inmigración Una conversación de Zoom June 22 @ 7 p.m. ET Submit a Press Release TryTank Experimental Lab and York St. John University of England Launch Survey to Study the Impact of Covid-19 on the Episcopal Church TryTank Experimental Lab Tags Curate (Associate & Priest-in-Charge) Traverse City, MI Virtual Celebration of the Jerusalem Princess Basma Center Zoom Conversation June 19 @ 12 p.m. ET AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to PrintFriendlyPrintFriendlyShare to FacebookFacebookShare to TwitterTwitterShare to EmailEmailShare to MoreAddThis Rector Tampa, FL Inaugural Diocesan Feast Day Celebrating Juneteenth San Francisco, CA (and livestream) June 19 @ 2 p.m. PT Rector Martinsville, VA Featured Jobs & Calls An Evening with Presiding Bishop Curry and Iconographer Kelly Latimore Episcopal Migration Ministries via Zoom June 23 @ 6 p.m. ET [Anglican Communion News Service] The Anglican Church in Tunisia has embarked on an ambitious project to create new facilities for theological training, community outreach and hospitality provision to address the spiritual and social needs of a growing indigenous congregation.“There is a moment of opportunity in Tunisia at the moment. Tunisian Christians are being recognised and accepted, even consulted by the new government,” revealed the Bishop Bill Musk, Rector of St George’s Anglican Church in Tunisia capital Tunis and Assistant Bishop for North Africa Episcopal Area in the Diocese of Egypt with North Africa & the Horn of Africa.“New believers are appearing at a fast rate and they need help in maturing and becoming meaningful church. Leaders especially need training and forming within their own context and this needs to be handled very sensitively in a Muslim-majority nation,” said the bishop.“The main goal of the Legacy Project is to provide theological training for future leaders of the North African Anglican and other church communities,” said Bishop Musk. “This will include on-site training of local leaders and bringing students from other countries in North Africa to study in Tunis.”St George’s Anglican Church in Tunis is set in a poor yet bustling community of Hafsia in downtown Tunis, famous for its large second-hand markets and has over 300 congregants. It began in 1901 as a church catering for overseas British people and especially members of its armed forces during the two World Wars.“St George’s also wants to establish facilities for community outreach to empower local people,” said the Bishop. “We want to create better facilities for hospitality such as larger kitchen facility, modern restrooms, storage space, and a worship space for small groups.“On the grounds of St George’s facilities will be established seminar rooms for theological training, classrooms and workshops for community outreach, accommodation for trainers and trainees and a medium-sized worship space for small groups.”The fundraising committee made up of church members organised a fundraising event in June this year focused on creatively raising funds to get the project underway.“God has blessed us immensely to respond to this challenge, and from within our own community we have managed to raise $100,000,” said Bishop musk. “We need others to help us and we estimate total costs of at least $300,000 to put two new builds on the church site that will help provide sustainable facilities for theological ministry formation and for outreach within the local community”“There was a time when the largest basilica in Africa was found a few miles up the road from the present St George’s Tunis – its ruins can still be seen,” said Bp Musk. “The holy seed of the martyrs from those early Roman times is issuing in new fruit today. The early church in this land did not do very well in becoming indigenous or in accepting different strands of theological and ecclesiastical expression.”Bishop Mouneer Hanna Anis, presiding Bishop of The Episcopal Church in Jerusalem and the Middle East, officially launched the project in December last year. Submit an Event Listing Rector Hopkinsville, KY center_img Bishop Diocesan Springfield, IL Youth Minister Lorton, VA By Bellah ZuluPosted Jul 19, 2013 Associate Rector Columbus, GA Remember Holy Land Christians on Jerusalem Sunday, June 20 American Friends of the Episcopal Diocese of Jerusalem Family Ministry Coordinator Baton Rouge, LA Priest-in-Charge Lebanon, OH Rector Collierville, TN Rector Bath, NC The Church Investment Group Commends the Taskforce on the Theology of Money on its report, The Theology of Money and Investing as Doing Theology Church Investment Group Rector/Priest in Charge (PT) Lisbon, ME The Church Pension Fund Invests $20 Million in Impact Investment Fund Designed to Preserve Workforce Housing Communities Nationwide Church Pension Group Episcopal Church releases new prayer book translations into Spanish and French, solicits feedback Episcopal Church Office of Public Affairs New Berrigan Book With Episcopal Roots Cascade Books Canon for Family Ministry Jackson, MS This Summer’s Anti-Racism Training Online Course (Diocese of New Jersey) June 18-July 16 Rector and Chaplain Eugene, OR Rector Belleville, IL In-person Retreat: Thanksgiving Trinity Retreat Center (West Cornwall, CT) Nov. 24-28 Virtual Episcopal Latino Ministry Competency Course Online Course Aug. 9-13 Priest Associate or Director of Adult Ministries Greenville, SC Director of Administration & Finance Atlanta, GA Rector Albany, NY Join the Episcopal Diocese of Texas in Celebrating the Pauli Murray Feast Online Worship Service June 27 Director of Music Morristown, NJ Rector Washington, DC Associate Priest for Pastoral Care New York, NY Rector Pittsburgh, PA Missioner for Disaster Resilience Sacramento, CA Assistant/Associate Rector Washington, DC Course Director Jerusalem, Israellast_img read more

Web advice

Howard Lake | 29 January 1999 | News In ThirdSector (8 January 1999) Toby Butler offers a series of tips to small charities on how to set up a Web site. In ThirdSector (8 January 1999) Toby Butler offers a series of tips to small charities on how to set up a Web site. However, he reports that “in fundraising terms… few sites pay for themselves. Even large charities with professionally designed and managed sites like WWF UK do not raise enough money on the Net to cover the costs.”Contact ThirdSector. Advertisement About Howard Lake Howard Lake is a digital fundraising entrepreneur. Publisher of UK Fundraising, the world’s first web resource for professional fundraisers, since 1994. Trainer and consultant in digital fundraising. Founder of Fundraising Camp and co-founder of GoodJobs.org.uk. Researching massive growth in giving. Web advice  16 total views,  1 views today AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis read more

Yours, Mine, and Ours: Creating a Compelling Donor Experience

first_img Howard Lake | 8 September 2008 | News Tagged with: Giving/Philanthropy Individual giving Yours, Mine, and Ours: Creating a Compelling Donor Experience About Howard Lake Howard Lake is a digital fundraising entrepreneur. Publisher of UK Fundraising, the world’s first web resource for professional fundraisers, since 1994. Trainer and consultant in digital fundraising. Founder of Fundraising Camp and co-founder of GoodJobs.org.uk. Researching massive growth in giving. “This is a most fascinating and fast–paced read. More than this, it is eye–opening and definitely “of the moment”. Mr. McLeish′s book should serve as a compass for nonprofits sailing into a new era of undulating philanthropic currents..” (Estate Planning, 2/08)  17 total views,  1 views today AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThislast_img read more

On the picket line

first_imgBlack women call center workers lead fight for a union in Miss.In Hattiesburg, Miss., hundreds of call center workers — almost all of them Black women — rallied Oct. 29 to protest poverty wages and demand a raise and a union. These workers for federal contractor General Dynamics Information Technology (GDIT) recently got a raise to $10.35 an hour, but that still keeps families in poverty. The workers handle complex questions about Medicare and the Affordable Care Act’s Marketplace.Workers state that both the qualifications for and the nature of their work demand better wages. In February the Communications Workers (CWA) filed a complaint with the Department of Labor that GDIT misclassified call center agents at a lower rate than job duties merit. Under federal law, once workers join a union and collectively bargain better wages and benefits, the government can open up funds to cover these improvements at no cost to the company. Despite that, GDIT launched an anti-union campaign. A federal lawsuit filed in Mississippi’s Southern District in September against GDIT alleges wage theft and charges of racial discrimination. (Hattiesburg American, Oct. 29)The rally coincided with a report from Georgetown University, “Strengthening Families and the Hattiesburg Economy: The Impacts of Improved Pay for Federally Contracted Call Center Workers.” The report shows that the GDIT low wages “compound existing racial and gender income disparities because the majority of employees are women and people of color.” (cwa-union.org, Oct. 29) Organizing can only help these workers fight their way out of discrimination and poverty wages!AFSCME launches 3-day strike at University of Calif.The 24,000 members of American Federation of State, County and Municipal Employees Local 3299 unleashed a three-day strike on the University of California’s five medical centers on Oct. 23. The Local 3299 support staff and patient care workers in the five-unit medical and school system are majority Black and Brown women workers. The local is UC’s largest union, and this was its second walkout this year. The strike was joined by 15,000 members of University Professional and Technical Employees Local 9119.University management abuses forced Local 3299’s hand. Workers were without a contract for 20 months, while the UPTE contract expired a month ago. Management wants to deny pay increases, hoodwink workers into taking 401(k)s instead of pensions and raise health care premiums. GDIT has also increased outsourcing jobs to contractors. Several reports conducted by Local 3299 highlight pay differences over race and gender. (CALmatters, Oct. 25)Every day strikers halted scab deliveries to various campuses. The second day, hundreds of workers in green T-shirts with “We Run UC” marched, chanted and staged an impromptu dance party at UC San Francisco. They were joined by UNITE HERE members striking at Marriott hotels in the Bay Area, resulting in a majestic 1,000-strong rally. (Truthout, Nov. 2) Fighting unions roar for their members!No to sexual harassment in Calif. hotel industry!From McDonald’s to Google, workers are staging walkouts demanding an end to sexual harassment on the job. Hotel workers are especially vulnerable to such attacks. Take the case of dishwasher and chef assistant Sandra Pezqueda who filed a lawsuit last year against the luxurious Terranea Resort, just outside Los Angeles in Ranchos Palos Verdes, and the staffing agency employing her. Pezqueda reported constant sexual harassment and assault by her supervisor, who retaliated against her rejections by changing her work schedule. Honored as a silence breaker in Time Magazine’s Person of the Year 2017 issue as part of the #MeToo movement, Pezqueda received a $250,000 settlement in May from Terranea. Though the resort was cleared of wrongdoing, reports have continued of management’s sexist-racist work culture. In response to pressure from Terranea management, the Ranchos Palos Verdes City Council tabled a ballot initiative to install panic buttons for hotel workers until 2019.Voter initiatives to protect hotel workers from sexual harassment are on the ballot in Long Beach and Oakland, Calif. If passed, the cities will join Chicago, which enacted a Hands Off, Pants On ordinance in 2017. While a statewide bill was introduced in early 2018 and passed by the state assembly in May, it was held up by the state senate appropriations committee. (Guardian, Oct. 16) Obviously catering to sexism in the state’s tourist industry is more important than worker safety.FacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmailPrintMoreShare thisFacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmailPrintMoreShare thislast_img read more

Indiana Secures North America’s Largest Plant-Based Protein Operation in Shelby County

first_img By Hoosier Ag Today – Apr 8, 2019 Home Indiana Agriculture News Indiana Secures North America’s Largest Plant-Based Protein Operation in Shelby County Indiana Secures North America’s Largest Plant-Based Protein Operation in Shelby County SHARE Facebook Twitter SHARE Facebook Twitter Indiana Governor Eric J. Holcomb joined local officials and executives from Greenleaf Foods, SPC as the plant-based food company announced plans to expand in Indiana, investing $310 million to construct a manufacturing facility in Shelby County. The planned facility, which is expected to be North America’s largest plant-based protein facility, will create up to 460 new jobs and is slated to become operational in late 2020.“In Indiana, we’re proud to support a global economy with more than 950 foreign-owned businesses here providing quality career opportunities for our residents. And we’re thrilled to welcome Greenleaf Foods SPC to that growing list and to our Indiana family,” Gov. Holcomb said. “Today’s groundbreaking is a significant milestone for the Shelbyville community and for the state of Indiana. I’m confident that our skilled workforce will be a crucial asset, helping support Greenleaf Foods SPC’s growth for years to come.”Greenleaf Foods, SPC, a subsidiary of Canada-based Maple Leaf Foods Inc. (TSX:MFI), will construct and equip a 230,000-square-foot facility on 57 acres at Interstate-74 and State Road 44 in Shelbyville. The facility, which state, local and company officials broke ground on today, will more than double the company’s production capacity to meet the surging consumer demand for its portfolio of brands, including Lightlife Foods® (“Lightlife”) and Field Roast Grain Meat Co™ (“Field Roast”), the no. 1 and no. 2 brands in the refrigerated alternative protein category. The expansion is expected to meet future market growth and will extend Greenleaf Foods, SPC’s network of production facilities, including operations in Seattle and Turners Falls, Massachusetts.“Our new facility will be a center of plant-based protein excellence that helps accelerate our company’s growth,” said Dan Curtin, president of Greenleaf Foods. “This will support our rich pipeline of innovative products that both satisfy increasing consumer demand and drive our continued leadership of this dynamic category in the U.S. and Canada into the future. Our world-class research and development teams are shattering what were once thought to be the culinary boundaries of plant-based protein products, and our new facility will take those ideas from development to commercialization.”Greenleaf Foods, SPC employs 370 associates worldwide and will begin hiring some key positions in Indiana in 2019, with the majority of the hiring occurring in the second half of 2020. The company will be hiring all functional areas across multiple levels for the facility, including but not limited to production, maintenance, food safety, purchasing, finance, electricians, mechanics and operators. Interested applicants can send inquiries to [email protected] Greenleaf Foods, SPC will be working with the city of Shelbyville to set up job fairs closer to the opening date.“I am thrilled that Shelby County was chosen for this project,” said Shelbyville Mayor Tom DeBaun. “It’s further validation that the administrations of the city of Shelbyville and Shelby County are working collaboratively to make this a great place to do business. This project diversifies our employment options locally and regionally as well as bringing tremendous opportunities to our community.”Fresh refrigerated products represent approximately 24 percent of the total market and delivered 40 percent sales growth in 2018. While burgers are fueling category growth, all refrigerated products are forecasted to deliver double-digit growth for the next 20 years.The Indiana Economic Development Corporation (IEDC) offered Greenleaf Foods, SPC up to $5 million in conditional tax credits and up to $1 million in training grants based on the company’s job creation plans. These tax credits are performance-based, meaning until Hoosiers are hired, the company is not eligible to claim incentives. The IEDC also offered up to $1.25 million to the community from the Industrial Development Grant Fund to support infrastructure improvements at the new site. The city of Shelbyville and Shelby County approved additional incentives. Duke Energy has also approved additional incentives to offset a portion of the energy costs.Source: Indiana Economic Development Corporation Previous articleBomb Cyclone Take Two Expected This WeekNext articleSigns of Spring Have Arrived Hoosier Ag Todaylast_img read more

Saint Anthony Greek Orthodox Church: Vacation Bible School

first_img Make a comment 5 recommended0 commentsShareShareTweetSharePin it Community News Top of the News Get our daily Pasadena newspaper in your email box. Free.Get all the latest Pasadena news, more than 10 fresh stories daily, 7 days a week at 7 a.m. Business News Name (required)  Mail (required) (not be published)  Website  HerbeautyStop Eating Read Meat (Before It’s Too Late)HerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeauty’First Daughters’: From Cute Little Kids To Beautiful Young WomenHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeauty6 Fashion Trends You Should Never Try And 6 You’ll LoveHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeauty15 Beauty Secrets Only Indian Women KnowHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeauty5 Things To Avoid If You Want To Have Whiter TeethHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeauty6 Strong Female TV Characters Who Deserve To Have A SpinoffHerbeautyHerbeauty Faith & Religion News Saint Anthony Greek Orthodox Church: Vacation Bible School Published on Monday, June 4, 2012 | 5:46 pm More Cool Stuff Amid the swaying plam trees, exotic wildlife, welcoming sunshine and make new friends children will experience the powerful unchanging promises of God.Each day at Promise Island children will participate in the excitement of Seaside Celebration, experience Bible stories about God’s promises at Life-giving Lagoon, create a service plane at hte Mission Hut, crafts at Project Pointe, enjoy snacks at Coconut Cafe, play great games at Fun Time Falls.Promise Island will last from July 30, 31, and August 1 and 2. Program begins at 9:30 a.m. and the fun ends at 12:30 p.m. A donation of $25 per child is recommended. For more information, call (626) 449-6942.Saint Anthony Greek Orthodox Church, 778 South Rosemean Boulevard, Pasadena, (626) 449-6943 or visit www.saint-anthonys.org.center_img Subscribe First Heatwave Expected Next Week Community News Pasadena’s ‘626 Day’ Aims to Celebrate City, Boost Local Economy Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked * Pasadena Will Allow Vaccinated People to Go Without Masks in Most Settings Starting on Tuesday EVENTS & ENTERTAINMENT | FOOD & DRINK | THE ARTS | REAL ESTATE | HOME & GARDEN | WELLNESS | SOCIAL SCENE | GETAWAYS | PARENTS & KIDS faithfernandez More » ShareTweetShare on Google+Pin on PinterestSend with WhatsApp,Virtual Schools PasadenaHomes Solve Community/Gov/Pub SafetyCitizen Service CenterPASADENA EVENTS & ACTIVITIES CALENDARClick here for Movie Showtimes Home of the Week: Unique Pasadena Home Located on Madeline Drive, Pasadenalast_img read more

[Constitution Day 2020] Reminiscing India’s Constitutionalism: Homage to the Indian Constitution

first_imgColumns[Constitution Day 2020] Reminiscing India’s Constitutionalism: Homage to the Indian Constitution Nupur Thapliyal26 Nov 2020 3:31 AMShare This – x”However good a Constitution may be, if those who are implementing it are not good, it will prove to be bad. However bad a Constitution may be, if those implementing it are good, it will prove to be good.” -Dr. B.R. Ambedkar At the time when the Constitution of India was framed, democracy was meant to be its utilitarian manifestation. Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru while moving…Your free access to Live Law has expiredTo read the article, get a premium account.Your Subscription Supports Independent JournalismSubscription starts from ₹ 599+GST (For 6 Months)View PlansPremium account gives you:Unlimited access to Live Law Archives, Weekly/Monthly Digest, Exclusive Notifications, Comments.Reading experience of Ad Free Version, Petition Copies, Judgement/Order Copies.Subscribe NowAlready a subscriber?Login”However good a Constitution may be, if those who are implementing it are not good, it will prove to be bad. However bad a Constitution may be, if those implementing it are good, it will prove to be good.” -Dr. B.R. Ambedkar At the time when the Constitution of India was framed, democracy was meant to be its utilitarian manifestation. Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru while moving the Objectives Resolution commented that democracy needs to be extended from political to the economic and social realms. His resolution had foreseen social justice in its full sense but it could later work out for the said changes through a process of political democracy and liberty of an individual.[1] The Rule of Law was meticulously fostered and an impartial, free and independent set up of judiciary was done in order to sustain the Rule of Law but also to reconcile and resolve the relations between people and organs of the State inter se. The Government of India accepted the pious Constitution of India as a prescriptive and normative system directing the functionaries of the State to pay utmost attention to ensure operation and compliance with the demands of social engineering in the country.[2] Constitutionalism provides the chance to give accurate and mandatory language in a legal document to restrain the forces of government and to control the powers of government authorities. It is an instrument guided by the Rule of law used for the prevention of tyranny and protection of individual rights and liberties of man. Constitutionalism is a traditional legal mandate that the drafters of the Constitution have given to the people of a State for governance of mankind. It is the same guiding force that has enabled man to draft the Constitution which thereafter rules its creators and organizes the powers in a limited yet extensive manner. Dr. B.R. Ambedkar, the drafter of the Indian Constitution, in his speech on November 4th, 1948 had quoted George Grote and said that: “A paramount reverence for the forms of the constitution, enforcing obedience to authority and acting under and within these forms, yet combined with the habit of open speech, of action subject only to define legal control and unrestrained censure of those very authorities as to all their public acts combined, too, with a perfect confidence in the bosom of every citizen amidst the bitterness party contest that the forms of the constitution will not be less sacred in the eyes of his opponents than his own.”[3] Ambedkar was influenced with the idea of constitutionalism propounded by Grote. In his view, Grote’s history of Greece and Athenian democracy was motivated with an impulse of rescuing the democracy from the superior critics like Plato and Thucydides.[4] Grote emphasized on two elements of a genuine constitutional structure, first, aristocracy combined with liberty and self restraint and second, America’s idea of constitutionalism.[5] This was the idea that led Ambedkar to think as to why the creation of democracy was important for India in which the democratic spirit was non-existent. The Indian Constitutionalism gathers its merits from various principles of constitutional law. Indian Constitution is known to be one of the longest constitutions in the world.[6] The most significant characteristic is the codification. It not only provides for individual rights, restrictions on governmental power, democracy and social justice but also included protection to the institutions of the State. Another distinct yet equally important feature responsible for the stability of Indian constitutionalism is the independence of judiciary and power of judicial review. While choosing a proper political order for India, they did not believe in the politics of religion or faith but they chose the way of hope.[7] Therefore, G. Scott Gravlee reviewed hope as a necessity for moral progress of a society.[8] They debated for a constitution detailed in its experiences integrated with individualism which assimilated the concept of separation of powers and independence of judiciary for the purpose of interpretation of the constitution whenever intended. The objective was to satisfy the aspiration of the people as stated in the preamble, for the protection of individual and collective rights of the society. The framers of the Indian Constitution assembled to draft a constitution that could align with the principles of India as a country.[9] These principles were driven by forces such as social, semantic, religious and geographical classifications. India was shattered from the aftermaths of partition and majority of its population lived in absolute poverty and chained with unenlightenment. Plague, diseases and deaths were the new normal. Economic and social hardships were widening the graph of inequalities. The social relationship between people was settled through destructive practices of caste system. Therefore, the drafters coming from various social groups, representing variety of social conditions, having an understanding of the principles of common law convened to define a framework for betterment of India’s future. Austin Granville in his book titled “The Indian Constitution: Cornerstone of A Nation” discussing the Constituent Assembly debate mentions that according to Rajendra Prasad, India’s first President, the Assembly’s ultimate objective was to provide India with a government to end the evil of poverty and dirt, abolishment of class distinction and exploitation of the weaker and safeguarding reasonable living conditions to such people.[10] Therefore, while drafting the Constitution of India 1950, the framers enlisted and incorporated the spirit of constitutionalism by way of various Articles providing constitutional protections. Let us understand Constitutionalism is India to be based on two basic elements namely on means and ends. Consider means as the mechanisms provided under the Indian Constitution for the fulfillment of principles under which it functions. Along with this, consider these principles as ends. These ends can be categorized as the principles enumerated in the preamble of Indian Constitution i.e. justice, liberty, equality, fraternity that endeavor to establish socialist, secular, sovereign and a democratic nation. These ends can also be traced under Part III and IV of the Constitution which defines fundamental rights and socio economic rights. Constitution defines the powers and functions of the three organs of the state namely the legislature, the judiciary and the executive which are the means to achieve the ends as discussed above. The constitutionalism in India can be understood as the combination of these means and ends where the ends are the final goals that the Constitution ultimately strives to secure and protect whereas the means are the structures and institutions of the state that assist the constitution in protecting the rights and constitutional principles. With the passage of time, the Indian Constitution has undergone various changes due to the modernization of social values, interpretation of the courts, constitutional amendments and judicial activism. This process has shifted the Indian constitutional towards transformational constitutionalism. Transformative constitutionalism is the modification of law through by way of timely amendments to reform the statute for bringing quintessential changes or enacting a new law in place of a former statute.[11] The principle of transformative constitutionalism envisages in itself a practical and contemporary approach focusing towards realizing the constitutional guarantees and protection of individual rights with the change of social and political structure of a country. The most significant feature of transformation is the judicial organ of the state. Since the concept of transformative constitutionalism relies on the social and political changes, the judiciary acts as the driving force of this constitutionalism change by interpreting the law a par with the contemporary developments.[12] At the outset of a new Century and emergence of new democratic states, the conventional foundations of constitutional rule constantly face challenges with regards to the timely independence, globalization, enhancement of technologies and communication, both nationally and internationally. With these dynamics, the time has come for the states to live up to such challenges in theories of constitutionalism and to uphold the ultimate goals of justice, liberty, freedom, equity and dignity. A more challenging and a larger test that lies in front of the states is to uphold the values of its Constitution while the security of its citizens and individual liberty stands unimpaired. To ensure these principles, it is of utmost importance for the states to constantly keep developing the means and measures and the meaning of constitutionalism with the radical changes in the transforming society. (Nupur Thapliyal is an advocate enrolled in New Delhi) [1] B. Shiv Rao, The Framing of India’s Constitution: A Study 125 (Universal Law Publishing, Lexis Nexis, 2015). [2] Shree Ram Chandra Dash, “The Constitution and Constitutionalism in India” 34 The Indian Journal of Political Science 24 (1973). [3] VII, Constituent Assembly Debates, 38. [4] Plato and Thucydides contributed to the classical philosophy of politics in the Mytilenean debate known as the Platonic Dialogue. This dialogue was written by Plato in his book called Protagoras. [5] Supra note 31 at 4. [6] Louis Henkin and Albert Rosenthal (eds.), Constitutionalism and Rights: The Influence of the United States Constitution Abroad 97 (1990). [7] The framers of Indian Constitution derived the politics of hope tracing the Aristotle’s meaning of hope defined in the 4th Century BC. G. Scott Gravlee in an article titled “Aristotle on Hope” had written that Aristotle defined hope as “Hopefulness is crucial to ethical improvement. Hope is a waking dream.” [8] J. Woolfrey, “The Primacy of Hope” Social Philosophy Today 4 (2016). [9] B. Sudershan Reddy, Former Judge, Supreme Court of India, Expanding Frontiers of Public Law, Keynote Address at the 17th Commonwealth Law Conference, Held on (Hyderabad on February 07, 2011), available at https://www.scconline.com/Members/NoteView.aspx?citation=JTXT-20constitutionalism #FN0001 [10] Granville Austin, The Indian Constitution: Cornerstone of a Nation 21 (Oxford University Press, 1966). See also V Constituent Assembly Debates, 2. [11] Goutham Shivashankar, “Guest Post: Parliamentary Priviliges and Transformative Constitution- A Response to Karan Lahiri”, Indian Constitutional Law and Philosophy, available at https://indconlawphil.wordpress.com/2018/08/01/guest-post-parliamentary-privileges-and-the-transformative-constitution-a-response-to-karan-lahiri [12] Dr. Ansari Zartab Jabeen, “Indian Judiciary and Transformative Constitutionalism” Lex Warrier: Online Law Journal 3 (2019). Subscribe to LiveLaw, enjoy Ad free version and other unlimited features, just INR 599 Click here to Subscribe. All payment options available.loading….Next Storylast_img read more

Snapchat co-founder and supermodel wife snag $30M Paris manse

first_imgShare via Shortlink Share on FacebookShare on TwitterShare on LinkedinShare via Email Share via Shortlink Evan Spiegel and Miranda Kerr (Getty, iStock)A U.S. tech billionaire and his supermodel wife dropped $30 million on a French domicile.Snapchat CEO Evan Spiegel and Miranda Kerr’s new home sits in the heart of Paris, just near the Seine river, according to the New York Post.At over 10,000 square feet, the mansion has six bedrooms, five bathrooms, two dressing rooms, a library, music room, wine cellar and separate staff quarters. The property also comes with its own 10,000-square-foot private park and pool.The couple purchased the property in May, but the news was not reported until this month.Spiegel, 30, co-founded Snapchat with Bobby Murphy and Reggie Brown in 2011. By 25, Spiegel had become a billionaire, and his net worth was estimated to be $10.2 billion as of December 2020. French President Emmanuel Macron granted him citizenship in 2018.Spiegel and Kerr married in 2017 and have two children. Kerr also has a child from her previous marriage to Orlando Bloom.[NYP] — Danielle Balbicenter_img TagsCelebrity Real EstateEuropelast_img read more

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