In 1986, the Bird Biology Subcommittee of the ScientificCommittee on Antarctic Research (SCAR) Working Group onBiology recommended that a list of recent publications on Antarctic and sub-Antarctic seabirds species from 1986 be prepared. The 1997 list, the twelfth to be produced and published in Marine Ornithology, has been compiled by scanning the relevant literature and abstracting services, and by correspondence with members of the subcommittee. Readers are requested to send reprints of their recent relevant literature, including ones missing from this or previous lists, to the author for inclusion in subsequent lists.
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Home » News » Housing Market » An end to ‘generation rent’ moaning? Government reveals home-owning boom among young previous nextHousing MarketAn end to ‘generation rent’ moaning? Government reveals home-owning boom among youngFigures from the latest English Housing Survey reveal that the number of homeowners now matches those renting among 25 to 34 year olds.Nigel Lewis24th January 20202 Comments1,068 Views More young people are ditching their takeaway coffee habit and spurning gym membership to save for a deposit on their first home, the latest English Housing Survey reveals.Help to Buy, record-low mortgage rates and the Bank of Mum and Dad have all evidently helped to boost numbers getting on the property ladder. New government figures show there are now as many 25 to 34-year-old home-owners as there are renters.After more than a decade of decline, the proportion of this age group in owner occupation has risen to 41%, while the proportion in the private rented sector has dropped from its peak of 48% in 2013-14 to 41% in 2018-19.Funding sourcesAccording to the latest English Housing Survey, the average first-time buyer was 33, unchanged from the previous year. Most (85%) funded the purchase with savings, while 34% got help from family or friends, and a lucky 6% used an inheritance as a deposit.Joseph Daniels (left), founder of modular developer Project Etopia, says Help to Buy, both the equity loan and the ISA, and Stamp Duty relief are behind the march of the younger first-time buyers powering a recovery in home ownership.However, he warns that falling home ownership among the young still threatens to become a national crisis, rooted in high property prices and stretched affordability.“House building will need to keep pace with growing demand and buyers face very different propositions across the country with prices still unaffordable in many parts of the UK, particularly in the south of England,” says Daniels.The new survey shows that of the estimated 23.5 million households in England, 64% are owner occupiers while the proportion of households in the private rented sector remains unchanged for the sixth year in a row; in 2018-19, the private rented sector accounted for 19% of households.Read the English Housing Survey report in full.English Housing Survety project etopia Joseph Daniels Etopia January 24, 2020Nigel Lewis2 commentsSimon Davies, A A 24th January 2020 at 1:35 pmCertainly don’t want more people being sucked into the black hole that is leasehold, especially shared ownership leasehold with Housing Associations. Too many are trapped with housing costs they cannot control, or cannot sell their property. Commonhold gives every resident a stake in the building, rather than being subject to the demands of a remote freeholder and their appointed managing agent. The whole concept of shared ownership needs careful thought, and the main stakeholder, the home buyer, needs to know they will not lose a lot of money on their investment. Far too many are at the moment and are in many ways better off being a shorthold tenant.Log in to ReplyAndrew Stanton, CEO Proptech-PR Real Estate Influencer & Journalist CEO Proptech-PR Real Estate Influencer & Journalist 24th January 2020 at 9:53 amGetting on the housing ladder is difficult, lending criteria and crippling student loan debt are barriers as well as high capital value of property. Cutting the takeaway to save may for some be the answer, but, maybe a tokenisation approach to property purchase might be a better route.In that many feel in 10 years people may not own cars, instead share them and perhaps even own a part of the car, or the car supplier business.Why not then have a system in housing, where A buyer puts down their deposit, mortgages a percentage and the rest of the purchase price is covered by other stakeholders owning fractions of the property.A bit like shared ownership only the council does not own the share and you do not pay rent to the council or the stakeholders who hold a fractional part of your home.Then in time, the stakeholders can cash in their interest in the property, yes property goes up goes down, but I sold terraces for 30k twenty five years ago now they sell for 260k, yes there is inflation, but if I owned 10% of the original 30k property, Cost of investment 3k, I would cash in at 26k, a good return.This would get people out of generation rent, and people could invest in property globally as well. Yes the lenders and the legal industry will throw up their arms, but it can be done. If the first buyer moves fine, the investment in the property stays with the investors who can cash in.Just a thought, but with the power of computers and tech, new solutions to problems can be solved as it is all about big problems which need to be boiled down to simple ideas- how do we fix housing for our people. Yes they can rent for life or live in property and build up their and other investors equity. Just a thought but better than missing out on your just eat delivery. Thoughts anyone?Log in to ReplyWhat’s your opinion? Cancel replyYou must be logged in to post a comment.Please note: This is a site for professional discussion. Comments will carry your full name and company.This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.Related articles Letting agent fined £11,500 over unlicenced rent-to-rent HMO3rd May 2021 BREAKING: Evictions paperwork must now include ‘breathing space’ scheme details30th April 2021 City dwellers most satisfied with where they live30th April 2021
CoronavirusIndianaLocalNews Facebook WhatsApp Google+ Pinterest WhatsApp Previous articleUpswing in COVID-19 cases could lead to more restrictions in St. Joseph CountyNext articleIndiana posts highest daily COVID death total in months Network Indiana Twitter (Photo supplied/Jim Banks for Congress) Comments by House Speaker Nancy Pelosi regarding President Trump’s coronavirus diagnosis made Representative Jim Banks (R-IN-3) upset.President Trump tested positive for coronavirus late last week.“We all received that news with great sadness. I always pray for the president and his family that they’re safe,” said Pelosi during an appearance on MSNBC on Friday. “This is tragic. It’s very sad. But it also is something that, again, going into crowds, unmasked, and all the rest, was sort of a brazen invitation for something like this to happen,” she added.In a letter sent to Pelosi, Banks said her remarks were “insensitive” and that it sounded like she was suggesting Trump deserved to get coronavirus.“The insinuation that anyone would deserve to contract COVID-19 is offensive and shameful, and it’s especially insensitive to every single American whose family member or friend has perished because of this illness. That’s why we are writing to request you apologize to all those who have been directly affected by this devastating virus,” said Banks.Banks was asked on “Fox and Friends” Tuesday morning if he had received a response from Pelosi.“Well, of course not. I have not heard back from Speaker Pelosi and I don’t expect to. She hates the President so much that she’s gone so far to insinuate that anyone who picks up the coronavirus has been irresponsible. That deserves an apology to the American people,” said Banks.House Minority Leader Kevin McCarthy (R-Calif.) also criticized Pelosi’s remarks, arguing she should focus on negotiating an additional coronavirus relief package that can pass both chambers. Facebook Google+ By Network Indiana – October 6, 2020 0 256 Rep.Banks demanding apology from House Speaker Pelosi regarding Trump diagnosis Twitter Pinterest
One in eight British shops could be forced to close within three years, says a report due to be released this week.Figures from Company Watch will contribute to a report conducted by former Iceland chief executive Bill Grimsey, to be published this Wednesday.Grimsey’s analysis concludes that 20,000 retailers have liabilities larger than their assets.The review, based on research by Company Watch containing more than 40,000 companies, will focus on unfair business rates, expensive parking and the surge in the popularity of online shopping which have weakened high street retail businesses.Commenting in The Sunday Telegraph, Grimsey said: “Recession, austerity policies, an unfair business rates regime, changing consumer behaviour and the relentless march of online shopping have all combined to weaken the retail sector so fundamentally that nostalgic dreams of a high street rebirth based on old-style bricks-and-mortar retailing are simply foolish.”He added that almost half of the UK’s 44,000 retail companies are in the “warning area” of Company Watch, with a financial health rating of 25 or less out of a possible 100.“Over the past 15 years, statistics show that a quarter of these 20,500 troubled retailers will fail in the next three years.“Retail may not be the anchor for the high street of the future, but more footfall will surely help to drive a retail revival.”Today, Mary Portas will appear before MPs to discuss her 2011 report, designed to revive the British high street.
The Craft Bakers Association’s (CBA’s) Mike Holling has spoken out on radio about the positive effect The Great British Bake Off (GBBO) has on bakery sales.Holling, executive director of the CBA and retail director at Birds of Derby bakery spoke on BBC Radio Derby last week about the increase in sales of product after they are baked on the show.Holling said to Andy Potter on his afternoon radio show: “We are always interested in what happens on Bake Off as it is quite interesting to see what products will come on the show. Last year they did Florentines, which we have been baking for years, but as soon as that programme went up, our Florentine sales doubled overnight and have consistently been at about 40% more.”Holling continued to explain that the programme was great for allowing bakers to put something different back into their ranges after the show causes a soar in demand. He said: “The Great British Bake Off has a great influence on our industry at the moment. People are making great business out of Bake Off.”To listen to the full interview visit: http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/p02xxv7j
This is one in a series of profiles showcasing some of Harvard’s stellar graduates.Laura Ricci, who is receiving a master’s degree from the Graduate School of Education, always suspected she would follow in her family’s artistic footsteps. “The arts have always been a very deeply integral part of my life,” Ricci said. “I come from a family of artists and musicians, and grew up surrounded by all forms of artistic expression.”But Ricci, whose new degree has a focus on arts education, never suspected that her longtime interest in theater — which prompted her to graduate from the Interlochen Arts Academy (’89) and Mills College (’94), and even to study with acclaimed actress Dame Judi Dench at the Eugene O’Neill Theater Center — would eventually lead her to practice her craft in hospitals.She also never expected she would become a professional therapeutic clown.“My clown is a weird-looking doctor named Bill,” said Ricci, smiling. “He has a big moustache, and he wears a funny-looking skirt and two pairs of glasses because he’s just that smart. Actually, when my friends at the hospital found out that I was going to Harvard, they joked that when I came back, Bill would have three pairs of glasses.”Ricci’s first introduction to clowning came during her senior year of high school, when she worked at the Hole in the Wall Gang Camp, an organization created by actor Paul Newman for children with serious or life-threatening illnesses.“They brought in two therapeutic clowns, Kim and Therese, from the Big Apple Circus Clown Care Unit,” Ricci said. “And it was just magical to see them work. The children really opened up with the clowns, and with each other, as a result of that interaction. Some of these children are constantly subjected to unpleasant medical procedures, sometimes for their entire lives. To see them release some of that, and blossom into engaging with these clowns, it was a really intimate, graceful, and powerful experience. It’s been a quiet thread that I’ve wound up following the rest of my life.“There’s such an obnoxious profile of clowns as being garish, almost feral, and confrontational,” Ricci said. “But in my personal ethic of clowning, it’s about listening well and bringing listening into play to connect with people. Clowns who do their job well are able to connect with kids in an intimate, playful, and joyful way.”In 2001, Ricci discovered a weekend clown workshop taught by Chris Bayes and was introduced to the craft of clowning. “It just flipped a switch in me,” she said. “We were being asked to improvise, but not in a sketch comedy way. Clowning is really just about being willing to be, in his words, ‘deeply, truly stupid,’ so that the people you’re performing for can let go, too. That can be a challenge for actors, who spend a lot of time training to be very articulate, professional, and put together. But this was just the opposite.”Having gotten the clowning bug, Ricci applied to the Clown Conservatory at the Circus Center in San Francisco and graduated in 2003. A few years later, Dan Griffiths, another professional clown, asked Ricci if she would help him start a clown program at University of California, San Francisco, Benioff Children’s Hospital.“Several of us got together and started doing ‘Clown Rounds’ at UCSF twice a week,” Ricci said. “We’re a team of clowns that go to the patients’ rooms to see how they’re doing. Some folks were initially wary of having clowns in the hospital. UCSF is a high-profile research hospital, so for them to trust us was a big deal… which makes it a perfect environment, frankly, for a clown. That’s true of Harvard’s environment, too, by the way,” she added. “There’s so much weight and status. You’re right in the middle of the king’s court.”Once the staff and administrators saw how positively the children responded to the clowns, however, their fears were allayed. Almost 10 years later, the ClownZero effort is still making kids smile at the Benioff hospital.Part of what makes clowning work in a hospital setting, Ricci said, is that clowning is a collaboration between the patient and the clown.“Good clowning empowers the child,” she said. “And we’re talking about kids who have lost a lot of their power — because they’re sick, because they’re not in charge, because they can’t just get up and walk out. Children who are sick don’t have a say over who comes into their room, whether they have to go through painful procedures, and so on. It’s a really hard situation. So a lot of it is creating an exchange where they can tell us what to do, and we’ll do it. It’s some serious power, especially because we’re grown-ups!”For Ricci, the real reward is seeing children blossom and engage by interacting with the clowns. “It’s awesome to see kids having fun, especially when you know they’ve just been sitting in their hospital beds all day. Being able to bring that to them is wonderful. It’s all about connecting with the kids. Often it is about being goofy, but it’s more about giving them power, listening to them, and inviting them to engage with us as equals.”
Critic Touré explains appeal of musician to Generation X “Surprise!” Visitors browsing the Apple iTunes store just after midnight on Dec. 13, 2013, saw a startling image flicker across their screens. It was a music business stunner announcing that singer Beyoncé’s fifth solo album was available to download.News of the recording, a self-titled set of 14 songs with 17 companion videos dubbed a “visual album,” caught music industry veterans and even her diehard fans off guard. Without advance publicity, a single to promote, or any music leaked to the Internet, Beyoncé managed to keep the project under wraps until she was ready to unveil it across 119 countries.“Beyoncé has delivered countless surprises in her 15 years on top of the music world, but she’s never dropped a bombshell like this,” Rolling Stone’s Rob Sheffield wrote at the time. “The whole project is a celebration of the Beyoncé Philosophy, which basically boils down to the fact that Beyoncé can do anything the hell she wants to.”Secretly partnering with Apple, Facebook, and Instagram, the rollout was a huge artistic and financial gamble for Parkwood Entertainment, the management company that Beyoncé heads, and for her label, Columbia Records, which share the risks and rewards of her recorded-music sales. As it turned out, the critically acclaimed album debuted at No. 1 the following week, selling more than 600,000 copies in its first three days. But did the high-stakes wager pay off long-term?A new Harvard Business School (HBS) case study to be published next week examines what it took to pull off the ambitious and costly campaign, the prevailing market conditions, the structural and technical obstacles, as well as the many difficult decisions Beyoncé and her management team confronted along the way. With insights from top executives at Parkwood Entertainment, Columbia Records, Facebook and Apple, the HBS case asks M.B.A. students to decide what they would have done if they were working for Beyoncé.“She’s clearly among the most powerful people in the music industry at the moment … so to understand the operation behind such a powerful figure is always very interesting,” said Anita Elberse, the Lincoln Filene Professor of Business Administration at HBS who co-wrote the case study with a former student, Stacie Smith, M.B.A. ’14.Elberse studies marketing strategies in the entertainment, media, and sports industries and has written extensively about the growing trend of hosting “blockbuster events” to grab the public’s attention. She says the unconventional album release and the very hands-on role that Beyoncé plays in overseeing her own business interests present a number of instructive dilemmas for M.B.A. students to consider. Elberse will teach the case in her course “Strategic Marketing in Creative Industries” early next month. “For instance, how did they keep that a secret for so long? It’s quite amazing that they pulled that off.” The unique rollout was driven “first and foremost” by Beyoncé’s desire to make an artistic statement through a complete work, not just one 3½-minute single, Elberse said. “They could’ve made their lives a lot easier just going for a conventional release.”The recording release also raises questions about whether it was a smart move for Apple, Facebook, and Columbia Records, and has other broad implications for students to consider, Elberse said, such as how the unusual strategy will affect future releases by other musicians. Is a maneuver like this only available to superstar talent? How do record companies put together marketing plans and structure partnerships with their artists? What effect might the release have on Beyoncé’s relationship with companies left out of the launch, and with her fans?In fact, the major retailers Target and Amazon refused to stock the record even after iTunes’ exclusive weeklong sales window closed. And, unlike most digital releases, consumers were required to buy the whole record, not just cherry-pick a song or two.“I think most people regard this release as a huge success artistically, and I am among them. But whether it was worth it from a business perspective is for the students to figure out,” said Elberse.“You could look at the album and say, ‘How did it perform?’ But you also have to think longer-term and say ‘What did that do to her ability to control the next release that she’s planning?’ or ‘What does that do to her potential as a touring artist?’ Those are harder questions to answer.“Luckily, we have very smart students at Harvard,” she added, with a laugh. Related Prince as ‘knowing big brother’
James Sullivan, associate professor of economics, recently completed a five-year study on poverty over the past five decades that utilized a consumption-based measure of poverty, unlike the official measure used by the U.S. government. While the government’s method finds the number of those below the poverty level to have increased greatly since the 1960’s, Sullivan discovered there has been a noticeable decrease in poverty since then. “When you measure poverty correctly over time you get a very different story [from the official measure],” Sullivan said. “There has been a sizable decline in poverty over the past five decades that you just don’t see in the official poverty measure.” According to Sullivan’s study “Winning the War: Poverty from the Great Society to the Great Recession,” the measure used by the government to calculate the poverty level does not accurately reflect the number of citizens who live in poverty today. The official measure of poverty takes the poverty line established in the 1960s, adjusts it for inflation and declares that anyone whose pre-tax income falls below that line lives in poverty, Sullivan said. Instead, Sullivan employed a measure based on an individual’s consumption rather than his or her income, he said. “How do we capture the value of expenses in the Medicaid program [in the official measure]?” Sullivan said. “It’s health insurance for the poor that … frees up resources for those who would otherwise have purchased it. It’s not captured in the official measure, but in consumption-based measure it would be.” The discrepancy in this measure often stems from the poverty measure only counting pre-tax income, Sullivan said. Unlike when the official measure was developed, the government now redistributes money through the tax program to low-income workers. “It’s not counted in the official poverty level because it’s a tax program,” he said. “But low-wage workers file taxes and if they’re eligible for income tax credits they end up getting a check from the government. It’s a substantial program for allocating refunds to the bottom distribution.” This incongruity between the two poverty measures exemplifies how the official poverty measure does not account for changes over time, Sullivan said. Further, Sullivan said an income-based poverty measure cannot reflect variations in income that are unrelated to an individual’s well-being. Income can fluctuate greatly for reasons that are unrelated to how well a person lives, he said. “Think about a retired couple that has lots of assets, lives in a nice home and has a couple of nice cars,” Sullivan said. “They’re retired so they have no income, but they live off their assets so they live quite nicely. But because they have no money income they’re classified as poor.” A consumption-based measure accounts for these gaps in the income-based measure, Sullivan said, and shows a clear decline in poverty. Other factors skew the official measure of poverty besides post-tax income and wealth, Sullivan said. The price index used to adjust the poverty line for information is biased, he said. “We’re not accurately adjusting the threshold for time for inflation,” he said. “We’re over-adjusting and the threshold is artificially rising which will create more poor people.” Sullivan said the over-adjustment occurs because the inflation adjustment does not take into account two biases: a substitution bias and a new product bias. The substitution bias occurs because when a product’s price increases, the government adjusts the poverty line for that level of inflation, Sullivan said. However, sometimes an individual can buy a very similar product for significantly less money, thereby not affecting their overall well-being. “If the price of Coke were to double, and that was all you consumed, do you need your income to double for you to stay just as well off?” Sullivan said. “If you substitute into Pepsi and it’s much cheaper, so you only need an income to buy enough Pepsi to make you as well-off as you were.” A new product bias arises because it takes about 10 years for a new technological product to be included in the measure of prices of certain goods, Sullivan said. By the time the product is added, its price has likely decreased greatly since goods tend to be more expensive when they first appear on the market. The faulty official poverty measure could have grave implications for poverty-related government policies, Sullivan said. “Official numbers show poverty is higher today than it was in 1970,” he said. “People have used that statistic to say we’ve lost the war on poverty. That has political implications, to say there’s been a failure in [anti-poverty] programs and perhaps we should cut back on them.” Instead, Sullivan said the evidence that income tax credit lifts millions of individuals out of poverty demonstrates the United States is actually winning the war on poverty. The incongruity must be fixed for the sake of those in the bottom distribution, he said. “We use those measures to evaluate and design anti-poverty programs, and if we’re using it to design policy it had better be a good measure,” Sullivan said. “[An accurate measure] will help us make better policies, and in the grand scheme of things, hopefully better policies lead to decreases in poverty.”
Women who want to increase their chances of giving birth to a girl should live closer to the equator, says a University of Georgia researcher, whose recent study sheds light on how temperature and day length can influence human reproduction. Most animal sex ratios are 50:50. But that ratio can be changed by environmental factors like temperature or even by seasonal shifts, said Kristen Navara, a reproductive endocrinologist with the UGA College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences. Her recent research with certain hamsters and mice shows that more males are born in winter when days are shorter, and that more females are born if day length is longer. Sparked by curiosity and these findings, she wanted to see if the same held true for humans. She dug through the CIA’s The World Factbook and other government publications to gather data on every nation with a decade of uninterrupted statistics. She gathered statistics on 202 nations. Navara then analyzed the figures based on latitude, average temperature, day length and socioeconomic status. What her first-ever global analysis on birth sex ratio shows is that people living in areas with longer, darker winters – such as in temperate and subarctic climates – have more baby boys, accounting for 51.3 percent of births. In the tropics, 51.1 percent of births are boys. Her findings were reported in the April 1 issue of Biology Letters. “I don’t know which cue is affecting the rates,” Navara said. “I suspect it is day length and probably melatonin.” Melatonin is a hormone that regulates the sleep-wake cycle and the production of female reproductive hormones, Navara said. Its release varies in response to day length and season. People living in temperate climates get fewer than eight hours of light in winter. Because of this, their bodies produce more melatonin than those living in the tropics, which has more daylight hours. “What we might be seeing is that humans respond to a cue they were initially programmed to respond to,” she said. “Sex ratios are not necessarily tied to socioeconomic status or natural disasters, as those are always changing. There are all kinds of factors that affect the sex of a baby, but latitude does not change throughout evolutionary time.” On average worldwide, 105 boys are born for every 100 girls. Studies show that ratio can deviate based on a large number of social, economical and physiological variables. At times of extreme environmental stress, like war for example, the birth rate of girls exceeds that of boys. The increased percentage of girl babies in the tropics may seem small. But it can translate into a lot of babies. In Central African Republic, for example, 51 percent of babies born are girls, the only country in the world to produce more girls than boys. In 2006, this translated into 1,400 fewer boys than if the ratio was 50:50. Other tropical countries with lower male birth rates included Grenada with 50.2 percent, Mauritius with 50.3 percent and the Bahamas with 50.5 percent. “Of the 20 countries with the lowest ratios, 18 were at tropical latitudes,” Navara said. “We found that the difference was independent of other cultural variables, including socioeconomic status. It was an over-arching pattern and this effect remained despite enormous cultural variations between the countries we looked at.” The biological trend works independently of cultural factors. In some societies in Asia and Africa, for instance, baby boys are favored over girls and the rise in selective abortions and infanticide has skewed the overall sex ratio in favor of males. “I eliminated all Asian and African countries during a second round of analyses to get rid of any confound associated with sex-specific abortion,” she said. “The trend of women giving birth to girls the nearer they are to the equator was still significant.” Navara is currently studying the cues that affect the sex ratios in poultry.
Almost 50 University of Georgia College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences (CAES) undergraduate students showcased their research projects and competed in the seventh annual CAES Undergraduate Research Symposium on April 11.The symposium gives students a chance to highlight their research and present their work in a formal setting.Faculty members in disciplines ranging from food science to plant breeding served as students’ mentors.“I am very proud of the participants,” said Doug Bailey, the college’s assistant dean for academic affairs. “The high quality of research conducted and the presentations made by our students are truly impressive.”Each student presented their work to a panel of college researchers over the course of the symposium. Winners in both the poster presentation and oral presentation categories received cash prizes ranging from $200 to $600.The winners in this year’s oral presentation competition, their mentors and project titles are listed below.First place: Carolyn Einertson, who was mentored by Stephen Nickerson of the Department of Animal and Dairy Science, presented “Using Pre-Calving Mammary Secretions to Predict Udder Infection Status in Dairy Heifers.”Second place: Thomas Gottilla, who was mentored by Katrien Devos of the Department of Crop and Soil Sciences, presented “Investigation Into the Genetic Mechanisms of Salt Tolerance of P. vaginatum Through Genotyping by Sequencing and Comparative Bioinformatics Analyses.”Third place: Vivian Yang, who was mentored by Ron Walcott of the Department of Plant Pathology, presented “Does XopJ Play a Role in Host Specificity of Acidovorax citrulli, the Causal Agent of Bacterial Fruit Blotch of Cucurbits.”Fourth place: Josephine Oakley, who was mentored by Caitlin Foley of the Department of Animal and Dairy Science, presented “Diagnosing Ketosis in Early Lactation Dairy Cows — Which Test is Best?”Fifth place: Sierra King, who was mentored by Nancy Hinkle of the Department of Entomology, presented “Optimal Anopheles quadrimaculatus Larval Density for Laboratory Rearing.”Sixth place: Ansley Almond, who was mentored by Sheba MohanKumar of the UGA College of Veterinary Medicine’s Department of Veterinary Biosciences and Diagnostics Imaging, presented “The Effect of Prenatal Exposure of Bisphenol-A (BPA) and Other Endocrine Disrupting Chemicals on the Sprague Dawley Rat Development.”The winners in this year’s poster presentation competition, their mentors and project titles are listed below.First place: Isaac Steinmetz, who was mentored by Luke Mortenson of the Department of Animal and Dairy Science, presented “Sphingolipid Manipulation of Mesenchymal Stem Cell Morphology and Immunosuppressive Potency.”Second place: Daniel Seeler, who was mentored by Ronald Pegg of the Department of Food Science and Technology, presented “Re-examination of Dietary Fiber Content in Tree Nuts and Peanuts.”Third place: Zachary Jones, who was mentored by Franklin D. West of the Department of Animal and Dairy Science, presented “Magnetic Resonance Imaging T2 Weighted Sequences Demonstrate Acute Changes in Cerebral Hemisphere, Ventricle, and Lesion Volumes in a Pig.”Fourth place: Shyla Giancola, who was mentored by Kelsey Hart of the UGA College of Veterinary Medicine, presented “Immunomodulatory Effects of Cortisol, Vitamin C and Thiamine on Equine Leukocytes Function in an Ex Vivo Bacterial Sepsis Model.”Fifth place: Jaiko Celka, who was mentored by Puneet Dwivedi of the UGA Warnell School of Forestry and Natural Resources, presented “Economic and Environmental Trade-off Analysis of Food Waste Reduction Solutions in the United States.”Sixth place: Lindsey Fenster, who was mentored by Alexander Stelzleni of the Department of Animal and Dairy Science, presented “Evaluation of Warm-Season Annual Grasses for Southeastern Forage-Finished Beef Systems.”To learn more about undergraduate research opportunities available to CAES students, visit students.caes.uga.edu/current/research.html. Photos from the symposium can be found at www.flickr.com/photos/ugacommunications/albums/72157689794119040.