…released on $200,000 bailWhen he made his first appearance on Thursday, in Court One before Chief Magistrate Ann McLennan, Andre Gravesande stood charged with trafficking in narcotics.The charge stated that on December 25, 2017, at the Kingston Seawall in Georgetown, the accused had in his possession some 89.4 grams of cannabis for the purpose of trafficking.The accused vehemently denied the allegation, and following a successful bail application by defence Attorney Keisha Persaud, was released on $200,000 bail. According to the defence lawyer, Gravesande is a 24-year-old businessman and owner of a dredge which operates in the Cuyuni-Mazaruni District (Region Seven). The father of two is reported to be the sole breadwinner for his family, and is expecting a third child. He lives with his family in North Ruimveldt, Georgetown.Meanwhile, Police Prosecutor Arvin Moore told the court that on the day in question, Police spotted the defendant with a plastic bag in his hands, displaying an attitude which aroused much suspicion. The Police approached him and conducted a search on his person, leading to the discovery of a quantity of leaves, seeds and stems suspected to be cannabis. Gravesande was cautioned and taken into Police custody, where the suspected narcotic was weighed in his presence.Moore did not object to bail being granted, but requested that the accused report on a weekly basis to the Criminal Investigation Department (CID) at Brickdam pending the outcome of his trial. The analyst report is outstanding, and the file stands incomplete.The Chief Magistrate upheld the conditions suggested by the prosecutor, and urged the defendant to attend every court hearing. She also warned him of the consequences of failing to attend court.This case will be called again on January 13, 2017.
Category: nwyjagyojiiynzut Page 1 of 12
Following last week’s seizure of some 200,000 gallons of suspected smuggled fuel, the Guyana Energy Agency (GEA) has announced it has seized in excess of 9000 gallons of gasoline and diesel thus far for the year as part of its anti-smuggling campaign.This was revealed by the Agency on Wednesday in a statement, which detailed that GEA Inspectors have visited 3191 sites and collected 8339 fuel samples in the first quarter of the year.“This represents an achievement of 22 per cent and 24 per cent respectively for its annual target. Additionally, seven discoveries of illegal fuel were recorded and over 9000 gallons of gasoline and diesel seized for this period. There were two convictions so far and three matters are ongoing,” the GEA noted.Meanwhile, the petroleum regulatory body highlighted that a total of 11,000 gallons of illegal gasoline and diesel were seized from 29 discoveries in 2017 following 12,882 sites and 33,891 samples collected. This resulted in six convictions, while compensation was accepted from four individuals under GEA legislation in the sum of $1,237,000.According to the Agency, its work is supported by the Guyana Police Force (GPF), Guyana Defence Force Coast Guard (GDFCG) and the Guyana Revenue Authority’s (GRA) Customs Department.The GEA went on to note that the percentage of sites found with significant dilution in at least one tank continues to be no more than three per cent since 2010, with two per cent being recorded in 2017. Apart from Georgetown, the statement added, the Agency continues to operate out of bases on the Essequibo Coast, Bartica and Linden; while routine and intelligence based operations continue to be done in various areas across the country as needed.Moreover, the petroleum regulatory body said its Legal and Licensing Division continues its ‘monitoring the performance of the energy sector in Guyana, including the production, importation, distribution and utilisation of petroleum and petroleum products’ in accordance with Section 5(2) (c) of the GEA Act Chapter 56:05 as well as the provisions of the Petroleum and Petroleum Products Regulations 2014, which deals with permitting the issuance of licences of the various categories (import, wholesale, retail, bulk transportation carrier, storage, export, consumer installation) and site and vehicle inspections.These licences are required for the conduct of different types of activities concerning petroleum and petroleum products, which include diesel, gasoline, kerosene, aviation fuel, lubricants and LPG.To this end, the Energy Agency disclosed that as of December 31, 2017, there were 13 Import and Importing Wholesale Licences for importation of fuel – that is, diesel, gasoline, kerosene, and aviation fuel; 22 Import and Importing Wholesale Licences issued for the importation of either lubricants and/or LPG only; one Export Licence; 14 Wholesale Licences; 113 Retail Licences; petrol filling stations; 464 Retail Licences; others – LPG, kerosene, lubricants etc; 230 Consumer Installation Licences, and 630 Bulk Transportation Carrier Licences, issued.These issued licences are published annually in the Gazette. On this note, the GEA is reminding all licence-holders in the business of transporting, storing, retail, wholesale or importation of petroleum and petroleum products of their licensing obligations and requirements for timely renewal through submission of requisite documentation.“The obligation of conformity through the licensing process supports the GEA’s rigid stance in stamping out illegal fuel smuggling through proper monitoring, enforcement and compliance,” the petroleum regulatory body said in a statement on Wednesday.The missive comes on the heels of a shipping vessel Jubliee being discovered with over 200,000 gallons of suspected smuggled fuel, when it entered the Georgetown port on Friday and its officials failed to disclose that it had fuel to customs officials until checks were made.Commissioner General of the Guyana Revenue Authority (GRA), Godfrey Statia, said on Tuesday that directors of the company that owns the vessel will have to pay some $36 million in taxes to the Guyana Revenue Authority (GRA). He noted that the vessel was not seized, but has been impounded until the dues are paid.According to records, the fuel transported on the vessel was purchased in Trinidad with Suriname as the destination port. After that arrangement fell through, however, the vessel reportedly docked here. Reports indicate that Guyana Energy Agency (GEA) agents boarded the vessel, which was carrying fuel tanks and pumps after the crew was unable to provide the requisite documentation.Information also suggests that a senior Government official and a local sports official have direct links to the vessel, which is owned by a company incorporated in Guyana under the Companies Act in 2016. These individuals are said to be shareholders of the company since 2017.
AD Quality Auto 360p 720p 1080p Top articles1/5READ MOREGame Center: Chargers at Kansas City Chiefs, Sunday, 10 a.m.Under the initial stages of the Clean Trucks Program, some 16,000 drayage trucks built before 1989 will be banned from the Port of Los Angeles beginning Oct. 1, 2008. From there, trucks operating at the port will face increasingly stricter emissions regulations, with a goal to meet 2007 federal emissions standards by Jan. 1, 2012. The plan is expected to reduce harmful diesel emissions by 80 percent within five years. “The people of San Pedro and Wilmington have been subsidizing the port industry for years with their lungs,” said S. David Freeman, president of the Los Angeles Board of Harbor Commissioners. “We absolutely have to get this done to justify the expansion of the port.” The plan now goes to the Los Angeles City Council and Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa for final consideration. EMISSIONS: Long Beach is now expected to approve the same rules for older big rigs. By Art Marroquin Staff Writer A progressive ban on older big rigs entering the Port of Los Angeles was approved Thursday by the harbor commission, a move expected to be duplicated next week in Long Beach. Officials with the Port of Long Beach spent much of the week crafting a last-minute proposal that aligns with the Los Angeles plan. The Long Beach harbor commission is expected to consider the revised measure Monday afternoon. “The port is proposing this tariff to meet the aggressive air quality goals of our Clean Air Action Plan,” said Robert Kanter, managing director of environmental affairs for the Port of Long Beach. Last week, officials at both ports announced a plan that would have required diesel trucks to ultimately follow 2007 emissions standards by Jan. 1, 2014. That deadline would have mirrored a proposal set for consideration next month by the California Air Resources Board, but Port of Los Angeles officials did not believe the plan went far enough. Geraldine Knatz, executive director of the Port of Los Angeles, said the Jan. 1, 2012, deadline matches the goals outlined in the larger Clean Air Action Plan approved by both ports last year. Although Knatz’s last-minute change had initially upset Long Beach port officials, both sides are now working to mend fences, according to executives at both ports. “Given the urgency in reducing air pollution and health risk in communities adjacent to the port, we have put forward more aggressive time frames and requirements for cleaning up the truck fleet,” Knatz said Thursday. “Our plan was always more aggressive than CARB. We need to do this to meet our health standard.” To ensure compliance, all trucks must be registered with the ports by June 30, 2008, and equipped with an electronic identification tag containing vehicle information, including when it was built or retrofitted. Additionally, terminal operators will be required to install equipment capable of reading the electronic tags by Aug. 1, 2008. Trucks not meeting the guidelines will be denied entry into the port. Additional provisions requiring trucking companies to purchase and maintain the cleaner-burning trucks while also hiring drivers as full-time employees are expected to be considered by the Los Angeles and Long Beach harbor commissions by Dec. 14. Other future provisions include a possible cargo fee to pay for the program and a funding plan to defray truck replacement costs. “While I commend the harbor commission for tackling the issue of dirty trucks, I am disappointed that they did not go further and also provide a solution to the unstable trucking workforce,” Los Angeles City Councilwoman Janice Hahn said. “I want to remind the commission that there is a human element to the goods-movement industry and that element is the truck drivers that keep the goods at this port moving,” Hahn said. “Every one of us relies on these drivers to get us the goods that we need every day.” Max Parra, a trucker at the ports for 15 years, said he supported the idea of requiring trucking companies to hire drivers as full-time employees. Otherwise, he said, independent contractors like himself would have to work longer hours to purchase and maintain the cleaner-burning big rigs. “Please make the companies responsible,” Parra said. “They are the ones making money. If you leave it the way it is, you will be creating total chaos.” Last month, federal authorities warned port executives to scrap the driver employee provision, or face legal challenges. U.S. Maritime administrator Sean Connaughton sent a letter to the ports, warning that such a move would disrupt cargo flow through the nation’s busiest seaport. The anticipated employee provisions are also opposed by the trucking and retail industries because it shifts the burden of purchasing and replacing big rigs to motor carriers. “We can’t say if this package is good or bad because it’s an incomplete package,” Julie Sauls, vice president of external affairs for the California Trucking Association, said of the measures approved Thursday. “We would like to sit down and be at the table with you ? before you bring out everything else and discuss the other components,” Sauls said. “I think that we share your concerns that this goes forward in a way that does not halt goods movement, but also works toward cleaning the air.” email@example.comWant local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set!
The last time the Del Norte football team made its way to Fortuna, there was an undefeated regular season at stake for the hometown Huskies.The stakes may not be as high as last November, but there’s still plenty to play for.Both of the Big 5’s 1-0 teams clash in the Friendly City tonight, as Fortuna and Del Norte look to set the early pace in league play when the two teams meet at Husky Field tonight.Both Fortuna (2-3 overall, 1-0 Big 5) and Del Norte (3-2, 1-0) claimed wins over …
ALAMEDA — Five questions with Tyler Dragon, who covers the 0-9 Cincinnati Bengals for the Cincinnati Enquirer:1. Having covered a Raiders team that opened 0-10 in 2014, I know the question I heard most often. And I’ll pose it to you — might the Bengals join the 2008 Detroit Lions as the only team to go 0-16 in NFL history?Anytime a team starts 0-9, there’s definitely a possibility. Although, the Bengals do have some winnable games remaining on their schedule. They play the Jets in Week 13. …
(Visited 28 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0 When science reporters discuss the biggest ethical issue of our day, they show no concern for the unborn.Recently, Republican presidential hopeful Rand Paul was asked about his stance on abortion. He deflected the question back to the reporter, asking whether she would be willing to ask Democratic National Committee Chairwoman Debbie Wasserman-Shultz “if she’s okay with killing a seven-pound baby that is just not born yet.” Clearly at 7 pounds, a baby is viable. According to National Review, Wasserman-Schultz didn’t have to wait for a reporter to pop the question. In response to Rand Paul, she made the following terse statement:“I support letting women and their doctors make this decision without government getting involved,” she volunteered in a statement. “Period. End of story.“To Albert Mohler, President of Southern Baptist Seminary, that answer more than anything else shows the worldview gap between conservatives and liberals (The Briefing, April 9). By saying “Period. End of story,” the DNC chairwoman does not allow for a single exception, even when a 7-pound baby’s life is at stake. The concerns of the father or the government cannot enter into the equation. And what doctor? Could it not be someone like Kermit Gosnell, the convicted late-term abortionist who committed his grisly killings in filthy conditions?That’s the nature of the political divide. What about the science? When scientific media sites report on abortion, what side do they favor, if any?One must watch for what is said and what is not said. There are also keywords that give clues: like “fetus” instead of “baby” when late-term abortion is mentioned, or when grisly practices like D&E (dilation and extraction) are discussed (the act of cutting up a baby in the womb and extracting the dismembered parts). Another clue is how groups are identified: e.g., “pro-life” or “anti-abortion”; “abortion rights” vs. “pro-abortion.” The use of “scare quotes” can be instructive. One should observe what spokespersons are quoted, in what context, and in what order. Here’s a recent case posted by Medical Xpress by John Hanna, “Kansas governor signs nation’s first ban on abortion procedure.”Kansas became the first state Tuesday to ban a common second-trimester abortion procedure that critics describe as dismembering a fetus….Abortion rights supporters say the law, which bans the dilation and evacuation procedure and redefines it as “dismemberment,” could be vulnerable to a lawsuit because it bans some abortions before a fetus can survive outside the womb and contains no mental health exception for the mother….Anti-abortion groups are confident the new law will withstand a legal challenge, based on a U.S. Supreme Court ruling in 2007 in which it upheld a federal ban on a late-term procedure described by abortion opponents as “partial-birth abortion.“Brownback signed the bill in a private ceremony at his official residence; his office said he would re-enact it at multiple public events later this month. A photo from Tuesday’s ceremony tweeted by the governor’s office showed Brownback flanked by anti-abortion leaders and two large photos of fetuses.Abortion rights supporters said the procedure is often the safest for women seeking to terminate pregnancies during the second trimester. It accounted for about 9 percent of abortions last year in Kansas, where most pregnancies are terminated in the first trimester and the state already bans most abortions at or after the 22nd week.Brownback spokeswoman Eileen Hawley called it “a horrific procedure.” But Julie Burkhart, founder and CEO of Trust Women, said in a statement that the new law is “dangerous” and “dictates to qualified physicians how they can practice medicine and treat their patients.“Apparently, to Burkhart, the baby does not qualify as a “patient” or get any medical care, abortion is a case of “practicing medicine,” and if a woman can claim she needs to kill her “fetus” by cutting it up into pieces, for the sake of her “mental health,” then Burkhart is fine with that. By giving her the last word, Hanna gave her the emotional edge in the article. He also put scare quotes around the pro-life spokespersons’ terminology (“dismemberment” and “horrific procedure”), describing them as trying to “ban” a “medical procedure” on a “fetus”. Could a reader conclude that this science reporter agrees with Wasserman-Shultz that a 7-pound baby is of no concern, if the mother chooses to abort?Another issue of grave concern both nationally and internationally is abortion for gender selection. Quite often, in some cultures, parents want a boy instead of a girl; elective abortions in these cases discriminate against girls. In China, where the one-child rule has been the norm for decades now, this has led to a preponderance of boys, leading to social problems when women of marriageable age become less available.Recently, PNAS published the largest and most complete study on the “sex ratio” – the ratio between boys and girls in live births. It quantified, to more accuracy than ever before, the common finding that boys outnumber girls at birth by a slight amount. This ratio changes from conception to birth, and then throughout life. It starts at .5 (a 50-50 ratio), but by birth, males have a slight edge. Since males tend to die younger than females, it comes out even by nature. This new study took into account the actions of parents to select genders and terminate pregnancies:Our dataset is the largest ever assembled to estimate the sex ratio at conception and is the first, to our knowledge, to include data from 3- to- 6-d-old embryos, induced abortions, chorionic villus sampling, amniocentesis, and fetal deaths and live births. Our results indicate that the sex ratio at conception is unbiased, the proportion of males increases during the first trimester, and total female mortality during pregnancy exceeds total male mortality; these are fundamental insights into early human development.The authors discussed their numbers with clinical coldness, failing to comment on gender-selective abortion. Writing about this in a commentary piece in PNAS, evolutionary biologist Steven Austad at the University of Alabama discusses social reasons for the study’s surprising results, justifying it in evolutionary terms:Two remarkably consistent and poorly understood features of human biology are the slightly male-biased sex ratio at birth and the female survival advantage throughout life. These patterns appear across geography and time wherever reliable birth and death records are available. The slight male bias, typically ∼51.3% of live births, is so consistent (Fig. 1A) that when birth sex ratios deviate much from it, suspicions are aroused of sex-specific abortion or infanticide. Putting together the birth sex ratio bias and the female survival advantage, we expect a monotonically declining sex ratio from birth to death, which is exactly what we find across cultures and across historical epochs (Fig. 1B). By age 100 y, there are three to four women for every surviving man, and by the extraordinary age of 110 y, 95% of the survivors are women. Note, however, that until later life the sex ratio does not stray far from 50:50, an observation that would gladden the heart of evolutionary biologist, Sir Ronald Fisher, who argued that natural selection should favor equal parental expenditure—a delightfully vague phrase—in males and females. Fisher assumed, as have many since then, that the human sex ratio at conception is even more male-biased than the sex ratio at birth, and there were some good reasons to assume this. First, males are less likely than females to survive from birth to age 5 y in all countries with reliable records. Therefore, extrapolating backward suggests a more male-biased sex ratio in utero. Second, male babies born at very low body weight are less likely to survive than females born at the same weight. Finally, up to 70% of babies spontaneously aborted early in gestation are male. Thus, given this evidence that males are more susceptible to death—that is more frail—both before and after birth, the question wasn’t so much whether the sex ratio at conception was male-biased, but exactly how dramatic that bias was. Therefore, it comes as something of a surprise when, in by far the most comprehensive analysis of prenatal sex ratios ever performed, Orzack et al. (9) report in PNAS that the sex ratio at conception is not significantly different from 50:50.Austad says several things of note here. (1) The natural ratio is so predictable, differences can be attributed to “sex-specific abortion or infanticide.” (2) The sex ratio should be a manifestation of natural selection. (3) The facts contradict evolutionary explanations. Follow-up questions that could be asked are: (a) Is sex-specific abortion or infanticide also a manifestation of natural selection? (b) If so, is it morally acceptable? (c) If there were good reasons to assume Fisher’s evolutionary explanation for the sex ratio, why did he get it so wrong?Listen to Albert Mohler’s Briefing about this subject. More than anything else, the subject of abortion defines the divide between right and left world views. When scientists and reporters throw their lot in with Debbie Wasserman-Shultz, it’s time to ask them Rand Paul’s question: is it OK to kill a 7-pound baby that is not born yet? Instead of letting Planned Parenthood and the DNC define the issue with “reproductive rights” and “women’s health” terminology, that question should focus attention where it needs to go. If the answer is yes, “Period. End of Sentence,” then at least we will have brought clarity to the issue. Fortunately, Carly Fiorina has also shown ability to toss the hot potato back at reporters this way. If a 7-pound baby can be put to death for any reason whatsoever, with no concern for its rights or health, then God help us. Is the beheading of Christians by ISIS any less repugnant that cutting up millions of babies in the womb? Where is the “war-on-women” crowd about gender-selective abortion? No problem, a consistent evolutionist would have to say; it’s just natural selection.
Minister of Basic Education Angie Motshekga announcing the 2013 matric results in Johannesburg on the evening of Monday 6 January 2014. (Image: GCIS) MEDIA CONTACTS • Panyaza Lesufi Spokesperson for the Department of Basic Education +27 72 148 9575 +27 12 3573757 firstname.lastname@example.org email@example.com RELATED ARTICLES • Helping kids shine at school – in their own language • University of the People offers online education for all • South Africa’s mother tongue education challenge • New medical school for Eastern Cape • The importance of learning to readMary AlexanderOver half a million candidates wrote South Africa’s school-leaving national senior certificate – or matric – exams last year, and 78.2% of them passed. This is the highest matric pass rate in the country’s modern democratic history, according to results released by Basic Education Minister Angie Motshekga on Monday 6 January 2014.A total of 258 question papers were set, and 9.1-million printed and written at 6 676 examination centres, supervised by 65 000 invigilators. Of these, 8.7 million completed scripts were marked by 35 000 markers at 118 marking centres.A total of 551 schools, or 8.3%, received a 100% matric pass rate, while almost half of all schools – 49.9% – achieved a rate of 80% to 100%.We bring you more facts and figures about the Class of 2013 matric results.CandidatesIn 2013, 562 112 full-time candidates wrote the matric results, up by 50 960 from the 511 152 candidates who wrote in 2012. Of these, 439 779 passed – an increase of 61 950 on the 2012 figure of 377 829.The number of part-time candidates rose by 11 059, from 81 552 in 2012 to 92 611 in 2013.A total of 654 723 full- and part-time candidates wrote the matric exams in 2013.Results over the yearsThe 2013 matric pass rate of 78.2% is the highest in 19 years. Over the past four years, the rate has steadily increased, from 60.6% in 2009, to 67.8% in 2010, 70.2% in 2011, 73.9% in 2012, to this year’s 78.2%.“In 1995, when this cohort entered grade 1, the national pass rate percentage was 54.4%, and 19 years later, the national pass rate percentage is 78.2%”, Motshekga said in her announcement of the results.More top achieversThe Class of 2013 also achieved the highest bachelor pass rate – results good enough for university entrance – in the past few years, with 171 755 qualifying for bachelor degree studies.“I’m extremely pleased by the fact that all indicators of quality are also part of the upward trend,” Motshekga said. “The percentage of grade 12 learners who qualified for bachelor’s studies was 20.1% in 2008, 19.9% in 2009, 23.5% in 2010, 24.3% in 2011 and 26.6% in 2012. It has now increased to 30.6%.”The number of distinctions earned in 12 main subjects in 2013 was 67 855, up by 12 205 from 55 650 in 2012.Provincial pass ratesThe Free State came out tops in the 2013 results, supplanting Gauteng as the best-performing province. North West had the second-highest matric pass rate, followed by Gauteng, the Western Cape, Mpumalanga, KwaZulu-Natal, the Northern Cape, Limpopo and, finally, the Eastern Cape.The province to score the biggest improvement was North West, which upped its pass rate by 7.7%, followed by Mpumalanga with an increase of 7.6%.In ascending order, the provincial pass rates are:Eastern Cape: 64.9% – up 3.5% from 61.4% in 2012Limpopo: 71.8% – up 4.9% from 66.9% in 2012Northern Cape: 74.5% – down 0.1% from 74.6% in 2012KwaZulu-Natal: 77.4% – up 4.3% from 73.1% in 2012Mpumalanga: 77.6% – up 7.6% from 70% in 2012Western Cape: 85.1% – up 2.3% from 82.8% in 2012Gauteng: 87% – up 3.1% from 83.9% in 2012North West: 87.2% – up 7.7% from 79.5% in 2012Free State: 87.4% – up 6.3% from 81.1% in 2012Pass rates by subjectThe 2013 results showed improvements in the priority subjects of Mathematics – “pure” Maths – as well as Physical Science and Life Sciences. The pass rates for all major subjects increased, except for Mathematical Literacy, which fell slightly.The priority subject results for 2013 are:MathematicsNumber of passes 2013: 142 666, with a pass rate of 59.1%Number of passes 2012: 121 970, with a pass rate of 54%Improvement: 20 696, with the pass rate up 5.1%Physical ScienceNumber of passes 2013: 124 206, with a pass rate of 67.4%Number of passes 2012: 109 918, with a pass rate of 61.3%Improvement: 14 288, with the pass rate up 6.1%Life SciencesNumber of passes 2013: 222 374, with a pass rate of 73.7%Number of passes 2012: 193 593, with a pass rate of 69.5%Improvement: 28 781, with the pass rate up 4.2%Pass rates in other subjectsAccounting: 65.7% – up 0.1% from 65.6% in 2012Geography: 80% – up 4.2% from 75.8% in 2012Economics: 73.9%, up 1.1% from 72.8% in 2012History: 87.1%, up 1.1% from 86% in 2012
Share Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest The Ohio Pork Council uses the Ohio Hog Farmers Facebook page to engage in conversations with consumers and serve as a resource for information regarding pigs, pork and farming. The page currently has an audience of more than 214,000 fans, and in the last 12 months has had a reach of more than 69.5 million people.On Friday, May 29, the Ohio Hog Farmers Facebook page fell victim to hackers. The outside group gained control to the Facebook page and disabled OHF administrators from being able to access or control the page.“It was quite the mess,” said Quinton Keeran, director of communications for the Ohio Pork Council. “OPC staff, with the help of additional Ag supporters involved in social media, quickly began posting to the page and letting OHF fans know that the page had been hacked.”After contacting Facebook Customer Service, the page was returned to its original state and access was re-granted to OPC mid-afternoon on the same day.In order to spin the situation in a positive direction, a blog post was created on posted on OhioPork.org and the Ohio Hog Farmers Facebook page. This post encourages individuals to like the OHF page and post something demonstrating their love of bacon, for the chance to win a 6-month supply of bacon. The blog post has received more than 3,200 views and is causing a huge influx of traffic to OhioPork.org. The Facebook post promoting the blog is also performing well, having received more than 2,000 likes, 660 shares and 320 comments.
Alex is founder of BuildingGreen, Inc. and executive editor of Environmental Building News. Watch for a forthcoming BuildingGreen special report on windows. To keep up with his latest articles and musings, you can sign up for his Twitter feed. The problem with aluminum is that it’s highly conductive, readily transferring heat from the warm inner pane of glass to the cold outer pane. Because of this heat loss, the inner pane of glass often cools off enough that water vapor from the indoor air condenses on it — and you get droplets of water forming on the inside of the window. If you have wood windows, that condensate often wets the wood, causing staining or even rot.We indicate risk of condensation forming on a window using a standardized measure from the National Fenestration Rating Council, “Condensation Resistance.” This is expressed as a number between 1 and 100, with higher numbers indicating greater resistance to condensation.So, what to do about it? Manufacturers have worked hard over the past several decades to deal with the problem. Here are the primary options:Stainless steelStainless steel is just 1/15th as conductive as aluminum. Furthermore, stainless steel is a lot stronger, so glazing spacers made out of stainless steel can have thinner walls. Conductivity is proportional to the cross-sectional area of the material through which heat is flowing, so stainless steel glazing spacers are better for two reasons: lower conductivity and thinner walls. Indeed, stainless steel is rapidly displacing aluminum as the leading glazing spacer material.Butyl rubberButyl rubber is a great sealant because it sticks really well to glass and other materials, and it’s also a good insulator. Rubber is 120 times less conductive than stainless steel and 1900 times less conductive than aluminum. To work as a glazing spacer, a thin reinforcing metal strip is often used to maintain the proper thickness. The strip of metal increases the conductivity (though the metal never contacts the glass); the spacer’s conductivity remains a lot lower than an all-metal spacer. A desiccant is incorporated into the butyl rubber.Swiggle Seal, the first so-called “warm-edge spacer,” was introduced in 1979. The name refers to the thin ribbon of metal reinforcement that is in a wavy shape. While the edge of an IGU with low-e2 and a standard aluminum spacer has a condensation resistance of 19.3, according to testing done by Enermodal Engineering, with butyl rubber and a metal strip that condensation resistance improves to about 38. Swiggle Seal is manufactured by TruSeal, which is now owned by Quanex Building Products Corporation. While still found in some products, the success of stainless steel spacers has dampened the market for butyl rubber spacers in recent years.Silicone foamThe least conductive glazing spacers are made of silicone foam. These inorganic foams don’t soften as much as butyl rubber and lose their shape, so they don’t require strips of metal reinforcement. Like the butyl rubber spacers, a desiccant is formulated into the silicone foam.The dominant product on the market employing this technology is the Super Spacer, made by Edgetech in Cambridge, Ohio (which is now also owned by Quanex. Super Spacer is made of silicone foam with no metal reinforcement. Several additional layers are added to make the foam impervious to vapor — both to keep water vapor from getting in and to keep any low-conductivity gas fill, such as argon, from escaping. The condensation resistance of the above-described IGU with this glazing spacer is 44.9.Bottom lineAlong with minimizing the risk of condensation at the edges of windows, warm-edge spacers will improve the overall unit U-factor of a typical residential, double-glazed window by about U-0.02 Btu/hr·ft2·°F. For example, if the unit U-factor with standard aluminum spacers would be 0.30, the warm-edge spacers would reduce that to 0.28. That improvement (reduction in heat flow) might sound modest, but it adds up! Over the last three weeks I’ve focused on the major strategies for improving the energy performance of windows: adding extra layers of glass, increasing the thickness of the airspace between the layers of glass, adding low-emissivity coatings, and replacing air with a low-conductivity gas fill. These strategies all help to reduce heat flow through an insulating glass unit (IGU), and if we do a really good job with these strategies we can achieve center-of-glass R-values of R-5 or higher.But these measures don’t do much to improve the energy performance at the edges of an IGU.In the olden days, when windows were single-glazed and wood-framed, the window sashes insulated better than the glass. With the air films on both sides, an inch-thick wooden window sash provides about R-2, while a single layer of glass provides just half that. When we switched to double glazing, the glass and wooden sash insulated about equally.With the advent of low-e coatings and low-conductivity gas fills, though, the glazing itself became better insulating than the frames and edges of the glass. All of a sudden, instead of the glass being the weak point, in terms of heat loss, the glass became better-insulating than the edges of the windows. A significant culprit of that window-edge heat loss is the heat-conducting glazing spacer that holds the two pieces of glass apart.Better glazing spacersUntil recently most glazing spacers were made of hollow aluminum channel. Aluminum is an easy material for manufacturers to work with, and the cavity formed by the channel allows a desiccant to be added that adsorbs any water vapor that gets into the insulating glass unit (IGU) during manufacture. RELATED ARTICLES The Revolution in Window Performance — Part OneWindow Performance — the Magic of Low-e CoatingsWindow Performance — Part 3
Oh, and somewhere amidst the festivities, a new smartphone made an appearance. There was some very limited hands-on time after the show, er… keynote. Here it is: Tags:#Galaxy S4#Samsung#smartphones If there is one thing you can say about Samsung, it sure knows how to throw an extravagant party.After the showstopping launch event at Radio City Music Hall in New York City for the new Samsung Galaxy S4, there’s only one question left to answer… is this smartphone any damn good?During the event, at least, Samsung’s theatrics overshadowed the phone itself? Really. We had Jeremy Freaking Maxwell, Samsung’s “secret messenger” doing a tap dance routine. We had skits of adolescents traveling the world taking pictures, women sharing music over cocktails and something about an actor and his agent. Oh, and somewhere amidst the festivities, a new smartphone made an appearance. Samsung Hub is the center of Samsung’s media experienceBut it wasn’t just the phone, Samsung showed off some gadgets that will go with the Galaxy S4, including this cool-looking controller that appears torn out of an Xbox. The Galaxy S4 fits into the controller, which is powered by its own AAA batteries. Instead of using the touchscreen to navigate, you use the controller. In this case, the demo was a Sonic The Hedgehog game. dan rowinski What it Takes to Build a Highly Secure FinTech … President Samsung Mobile JK Shin rises from the floor at Radio CityOverall, it is hard to tell with a just quick impression exactly what the experience of using the Galaxy S4 will be like. There are so many new features that could be terrific – if they actually work as advertised. The danger is that Samsung’s Galaxy S4 smartphone could turn out to resemble its own launch event: overblown, overproduced and visually appealing – but more annoying than pleasant.Photos by Dan Rowinski. First ImpressionsThe body of the Galaxy S4 is thin and light. If you are familiar with a Galaxy S3, that light, almost cheap-feeling plastic body, is reprised in the S4. From a shape perspective, the S4 is more squared-off (like the Galaxy S2) than rounded (like the Galaxy S3). It is thinner than both.The screen is totally beautiful, at least from my initial look, and highly responsive. This matches what users have come to expect from Galaxy S devices – the S3 was an extremely smooth touchscreen.It is bloated with all the “S” apps and everything else that Samsung has thrown into its new flagship smartphone. On the one hand, all the new and unique features Samsung definitely bring some real benefits. On the other hand, the “S” apps and all the stuff in the S4 add up to a very busy user experience.(See also Samsung Galaxy 4S Unveiled: Spectacular Specs & Innovative Features.) Related Posts The Galaxy S4 is expected to be shipped with a quad-core processor in the United States. An enterprising reporter ran a test on the processor during his demo time (not me, and I did not get his name) and confirmed that the test devices at Radio City were running quad-core processors. When putting that processor to the test, we looked at the Fast & Furious 6 game coming to the phone from Kabam. It played smooth and fast.But what about the phone itself? Role of Mobile App Analytics In-App Engagement Why IoT Apps are Eating Device Interfaces The Rise and Rise of Mobile Payment Technology